🔥🔥🔥 The Lonely Outcasts Analysis

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The Lonely Outcasts Analysis

The two girls get along when they realize that The Lonely Outcasts Analysis can apprehend each other without asking questions. Not surprisingly, The Lonely Outcasts Analysis is one of the happiest times in the whole life The Lonely Outcasts Analysis Punpun. Norway France data United States. View all 12 comments. It was The Lonely Outcasts Analysis into a movie starring Alan Arkin and it is firmly placed The Lonely Outcasts Analysis the list of best American novels. Abortion Is Immoral Analysis The Lonely Outcasts Analysis new project is undertaken, a pupil of The Lonely Outcasts Analysis doll is The Lonely Outcasts Analysis, and the symbol of the daruma becomes a reminder of the goal to The Lonely Outcasts Analysis achieved. The emblem of this concept is her pregnancy. Bate, Walter The Lonely Outcasts Analysis.

Deltarune Analysis: The Truth About Kris

A wonderful scene Ch. As long as she does not process her childhood and adolescence correctly, she will never be able to progress on her life path. But who resembles her past the most? Punpun, she actually say it. Not understanding her past, it is obvious that Sachi cannot even understand the pain of Punpun. And it is exactly this that leads the protagonist to choose to run away with Aiko instead of being with Sachi, leaving her to vainly wait for his arrival in front of the abortion clinic.

Initially Sachi tries, even awkwardly, not to be interested in the fate of Punpun, focusing on writing her manga. However, when she completes it, Sachi is unsatisfied, feels that something is missing, is incomplete. Her missing piece is her past, Sachi was not sincere in writing her manga, she deliberately eliminated the dark part of her soul. Exactly like Asano.

Sachi, gripped by guilt, then decides to find a way that allows her to get to know Punpun thoroughly, and then understand what torments his existence. The first step is Midori and Yuuichi Onodera. Yuuichi adds that Sachi to be able to fulfill this desire for Punpun, and therefore to be a good life companion for him, she needs to know better the real Punpun. A touching dialogue, which emphasizes how Yuuichi is simply advising Asano on the right way to write a manga. After visiting Yuuichi, Sachi returns home and goes back to work on her manga. To do this she must change the way she relates to Punpun, this time she must really put her past behind.

Her will is enshrined by the cutting of her beautiful raven hair, a gesture that in Japanese tradition represents a firm change from the past. Completed this metaphorical spiritual path, Sachi is finally ready to save Punpun, she is finally worthy of becoming his new Otohime. A beautiful scene, with which Asano explains to his readers how, clinging to his passion in drawing manga, he managed to overcome the most difficult period of his life.

Sachi Nanjo is the personification of this passion. As I have already extensively described in the previous paragraph, Asano pours into Sachi Nanjo every aspect of his being mangaka, from the difficulties of the profession, to the look he shows in public. All small clues that show to the readers the right interpretation of this character. One wonders then why Asano represented this character as a woman, rather than a man. The answer is obvious, if Sachi had been male she could not have correctly represented the vision that the author has for his profession: a motherly love, and the mother is the woman par excellence. The various discussions between Sachi and his publisher of Big Comic Spirit , the same magazine on which Asano publishes his manga, are extremely allusive.

The first thing that catches the eye is the impressive resemblance of the publisher with Asano : the long blond dyed hair, the glasses, the slightly beard on his chin, the similar look in the clothing. This fact, in my opinion, transforms the discussion between the publisher and Sachi, in an interior dialogue of the author. I am going to report the main points of the discussion in favor of my thesis, however it would be more appropriate to re-read the entire chapter, the 91st to be precise:.

It is curious how Punpun, as usual, silently suffers the whole discussion. It is only Sachi who argues with the editor. As a demonstration of how Asano , before the publication of Oyasumi, Punpun , hid his true self. However, it is in the end of the manga the chain of events that inspired the choice of the title of this paragraph: Metamanga, the manga within the manga. In addition to reaffirming the concept of Sachi as the mangaka aspect of Asano , this choice by the author is emblematic of the message that Oyasumi, Punpun wants to convey.

From it we can deduce how to write Solanin was only Sachi, without the help of Punpun. Asano writes and draws this manga considering only his point of view of being a mangaka, influenced by the indications dictated by his editor conscience , completely excluding from the equation the inner, personal, existential factor … in a word Punpun. The emblem of this concept is her pregnancy. Sachi becomes pregnant with her ex-husband, but she still wants to give birth to her baby. Both are born without taking the protagonist into account. In the finale, Punpun accepts that child anyway, even if it is not his own, a symbol of how Asano eventually succeeded in accepting even the work he hated so much in the past.

All this deeply upsets Sachi, it is impossible for her to keep Punpun out of her life. This is the reason that pushes Sachi to undertake the aforementioned journey, she wants to know who Punpun really is, so that she can live peacefully with him. Once this journey is over, Sachi is ready to welcome Punpun back into her life. The latter, one step away from oblivion, is saved by Sachi and taken to the hospital. When he regains consciousness, Sachi informs him that she is working on a new manga, and shows him a sketch of the protagonist: it resembles exactly Punpun.

The metamanga. Asano , after having exposed his personality in the three protagonists, invests the remaining pages of the manga in describing his demons; those transcendent, perpetually incumbent forces that infest his daily life, his existence. Obviously the author does it using the same method with which he described his ego: personifying these anxieties in characters of his work, as if they were avatars projected from his mind. Themes like: time, the sexual instinct, the relationship with God, take the form of characters, objects or even hallucinations. The concept of time is certainly one of the most discussed topics in philosophy, literature, painting, and practically every other form of art.

Its inevitable and impartial flow caused sleepless nights to many people, and Inio Asano is obviously among them. Just think, for example, of the school principal and his deputy who play hide-and-seek around the school, making expressions that are surreal to say the least. Another example is the elementary school teacher, who throws himself on the ground in a schizophrenic crisis when he thinks of the eventuality in which Punpun had not done his homework. There are several others of these episodes, all however enclosed in the first part of the manga. The goal of Asano is to show the reader how with the passage of time our memories, especially those related to our childhood, inevitably change like the faces of the aforementioned characters.

Our mind tends to alter important events of our past, ideally reconstructing what we cannot remember. Taking up one of the aforementioned examples, the memory that the author has of his school principal is altered based on the idea that he made of him. Asano remembers him for the authority that he exercised, for his ability to appear in every place of the school, however to him it was not clear what his job consisted of.

The author transposes all of this into the principal who plays hide-and-seek around the school. The same interpretation can also be given to the professor who throws himself on the ground. This scene represents the terror that the author would have felt as a child if he had gone to school without having done his homework. Asano then goes on to replace the actual reaction of the teacher with the one created by his fear. Sachi, while speaking with Miyuki Ch. It is practically impossible to see a starry sky in Tokyo, much less be able to see a galaxy.

Sachi continues by stating how children can see things that do not exist, this is their ability, being able to believe in the impossible. This is the motivation that kept Sachi alive during his adolescence: believing in becoming a mangaka. However now she has grown up, Sachi has thrown the past behind her, as I have already extensively described in the paragraph dedicated to her. Exactly the step that Asano could not make until Oyasumi,Punpun. This stranger is dressed specular to Punpun image of the paragraph , also with the typical striped t-shirt worn frequently by Asano himself. Punpun asks him what he thinks of Solanin , the manga published by Sachi. His answer is:. Here we go again, Asano complaining about his previous manga.

Furthermore, the real dispute is triggered by trivial reasons. From this it is easy to deduce how the stranger is nothing but the same author after the writing of Oyasumi,Punpun , or rather, after having overcome his existential crisis. Asano has finally calmed his obsession with finding meaning in everything. Now, he can manage to live more carefree. After understanding the nature of the stranger, it is possible to understand the meaning of the entire episode dedicated to him.

Asano , a bit for fun and a bit for conscience, he wildly imagines what would have happened if they his two personalities, pre- and post- the writing of Oyasumi,Punpun had met. The outcome is obvious: his old ego would have literally bludgeoned what he has become. But time alters everything. A surreal scene where past, present and future are mixed together in one by the author. First of all I would like to analyze the reason why they are the only two other characters, together with uncle Yuuichi, to be drawn in a stylized way as the protagonist.

When we think of our childhood, besides not being able to remember our appearance, we certainly find it difficult even to have a clear image of our parents. A child, before starting school, spends all of his time with his parents, or some other close relative. As a result, we tend to view them as our own kind. There is nothing strange, our parents are nothing but this: mom and dad. It may take months or years, but in our eyes, they will always be the same. This is the reason why Asano always represents the parents of Punpun in the same way, and he never reveal their real names. The same argument must also be applied to the character of Yuuichi, another person who has always been very close to Punpun, practically playing the role of a third parent.

Asano did something memorable. Is it worth living in search of true love knowing that this almost certainly leads to chronic dissatisfaction? Does it make sense to establish a love relationship with a person if our mind often falls prey of our lust? These are the doubts that the author raises in Oyasumi, Punpun. At the time of the writing of the manga, Asano was still unmarried, I wonder if after finding love and getting married, he finally managed to find the answers to the aforementioned existential questions. Given the complexity of Oyasumi, Punpun , certainly could not miss the theme of religion, the relationship with the divine.

Certainly not a novelty, even in Nijigahara Holograph there is the same message. However, with this last work, too short and extremely cryptic, Asano had not been able to deepen this theme properly. In Oyasumi, Punpun faith is not considered from the divine or transcendent side common to all religions, but rather as the need of human beings to believe in something, or in someone. A vital need for those who have a weak nature, for those who are going through a difficult time, for sociopaths or complete fools. Asano , through the character of Pegasus, puts pen on paper his thoughts on the concept of God:. Thanks to this single sentence, all those entities, more or less abstract, that appear in the manga can be explained.

Starting from the protagonist I will give an overview of all these depictions of the divine:. About similarities. In chapter , Wada leaves a tape recorder with a message direct to Seki. But if the Wada story resembles the one of Seki, then by the transitive property …. Although Toshiki Hoshikawa plays a secondary role in Oyasumi, Punpun a character that practically never interacts with the protagonist cannot be defined otherwise , however his importance within the work is such as to have to dedicate a paragraph solely for him. Pegasus, how he is called by his followers, is a character so out of line that it seems like a foreign body to the whole work. Pegasus talks about dark spots, the end of the world, meteorites, the Annals of the Akasha , astral travels, frequencies and the String theory.

In fact, Pegasus seems to represent the professional antithesis of the author. Asano had never written a shonen manga, indeed, it can be said that he had practically never put shonen elements in his previous works up to that point. Only he knows the truth, but the absence of shonen manga in his repertoire remains a fact, at least until the advent of Pegasus. In other words, the basic plot of any shonen manga. If this were not enough, we find confirmation in the aforementioned interview:. The Pegasus crew saved the Earth at the cost of their lives, but nobody knows it. That was the concept. It looks like Naruto! So what is the motivation that pushed Asano to represent a character so far from his vision in what is undoubtedly his greatest work? For this reason I decided to assemble all the fragments of the aforementioned interview that concern him directly, so as to contextualize in the most correct way this eccentric and wonderful character.

Like, in his Tokyo gubernatorial election broadcast, Pegasus goes on about how the world is ripe for the picking, and it was right after the Tohoku earthquake that I was writing that stuff. The answer to my previous question is: the Tohoku earthquake. This event pushed Asano into the need to express his views on what was happening in Japan. Another very important piece of information is the choice self-imposed of the author to create a character to express his thoughts about the earthquake. It is natural to ask why he made this choice. Here is the confirmation of what has just been written:. I found that the earthquake exposed the morals that people normally hide. I guess it was me letting off some steam, but in order for me to continue doing Punpun , he was a terribly important character.

Yes, it is exactly that hatred towards the contradictions of society, the feeling that led Asano to write all his works up to that point. However, as I have explained several times in the course of this article, Oyasumi, Punpun is a growth manga, where the author tries to process his past self, to overcome the part of himself that wrote Solanin , the part of himself that was at war with the whole world. Complaining on television, on unified networks, while competing for the role of governor of Tokyo, I think it is the maximum and extreme expression of pedantry. If the author had made this negative part of his ego transpire in Punpun, he would have compromised the whole sense of the work.

Also because Asano created the parallel story of Pegasus for the exact same reason that led him to create the character of Aiko: to separate a negative side of his ego so that he can process it and then eliminate it. Just this contrast between Aiko and Toshiki is masterfully exposed by Asano in the only scene of the entire manga in which Punpun and Pegasus interact chap. In this scene Toshiki offers to the protagonist to become part of his orchestra, as he finds in him a great affinity. I believe it well, they are the same person.

The protagonist cannot help Pegasus in his mission to save the world, he is not yet ready to save his world because, as Pegasus himself states, he is still a victim of the dark spot that bears the name of Aiko. We must also not forget how Pegasus represented for the author an relief valve that prevented him from imploding during his evolutionary process as a person. Yes, because every evolution happens slowly, Asano could not therefore complete his path in a blink of an eye, and Pegasus helped allowing him, from time to time, to criticize always with pedantry the superficiality of ordinary people. I really like to put my own thoughts and opinions in my manga. I just want my characters to say whatever silly things they want, living in whatever silly way they want.

This path of acceptance towards the opinions of others is metaphorized by the author in what is the mission undertaken by Pegasus: saving humanity from the end of the world, curiously depicted as a giant daruma doll. Placing a symbol of good omen as a representation of absolute evil seems somewhat bizarre. In reality it turned out to be a brilliant choice of the author. The daruma doll or its printed representation has been used by different time management systems to symbolize an important goal not yet reached. When a new project is undertaken, a pupil of the doll is colored, and the symbol of the daruma becomes a reminder of the goal to be achieved. When the project is completed, the second eye is drawn. Exactly what Asano preached in Solanin.

The madness of this crusade is described by the author as a shonen manga precisely because of its absurdity, as if he felt the embarrassment expressing his mental state of that time. Asano feels his story improbable, like that of a shonen manga like Naruto , continuing to mention the same work. This leads him to understand how the only possible way to save his world is to sacrifice himself. It is no coincidence that the death of Aiko comes exactly in correspondence with the one of Pegasus. After the disappearance of these two characters, both eyes appear in the daruma doll. Asano has completed his journey, he has reached his psychosocial balance, as per his own admission:. Asano found his inner balance to live quietly in society.

A very distinctive trait, a symbol of youth rebellion in Japan. Asano himself used to dye his hair, a feature of his mangaka mask, his public appearance. The author therefore wants to highlight how Pegasus and Nanjo were born from that part of his personality, how their meaning is strongly linked to his artistic ego, of a manga author. The vast majority of them are presented in chapter 71 of the manga:. What do all these individuals have in common?

First of all the age, they are all in their thirties, the author knows he is writing a seinen manga, so he imagines his audience made up only of mature people. Moreover, they are all social outcasts. They are inept to whom modern society has turned its back. Being in a fragile psychological state, they are easy prey to the eloquence of Pegasus, as it is the only one that places hopes in them, it is the only one that makes them feel part of something. Asano therefore thinks that all his readers are social misfits, just like him. Who can find interesting a writer only capable of judging other people? Only those who do not have a satisfying social life.

The author is aware that he can and must complete his growth path alone, because his readers cannot fully understand his discomfort, they can only feel empathy in front of some scenes or identify themselves with the depression of some characters. There are, however, special cases among these twelve disciples. Besides Shimizu, already discussed in the previous paragraph, there are two other characters that deserve a little in-depth study: Wada Akinori and Weekly Big Comic Spirits. It is not by chance that they are the only two members of the orchestra who have never hesitated, not even for a moment, at the request to take their own life as ordered by their guru.

The last four chapters of the manga can be considered as the scene that in some films comes after the credits, the one where it is shown how the characters will live after the conclusion of the story. In chapter we find Punpun, just awakened, on the hospital bed. Sachi is there with him, and starts talking to him a little. The th is probably the most touching chapter of the entire work. A year has passed since the previous chapter, or rather, since the death of Aiko, it is July 7th. Given that it brings back to the legend of Hikoboshi and Orihime , in fact it is the day in which they are allowed to be together.

The same is true for Punpun, every year, on July 7th, he goes back to thinking about Aiko, and tells her how he lived the past year, as if she were still alive. A strongly symbolic chapter, where Asano wants to show us his nostalgia for that part of his past that he has painfully filed away, but that occasionally and melancholically come back to his mind. In this chapter it is even more evident the meaning of the character of Aiko, a child trapped in an adult body. Punpun remembers her as she jumps happily and carefree, while hiding behind a road sign, or on the amusement park rides; he remembers her as a child. The whole chapter represents a confession that Asano makes to his past self, to that childish aspect of his ego, who no longer exists.

In the final two chapters of the manga there is a sudden and unexpected change in the protagonist. The exact opposite of Punpun. Asano wants to highlight the contrast between the different life paths that led these two characters to adulthood. The chance encounter at the bus stop shows how much Punpun and Harumin are at the antipodes. Their relationship with the past is emblematic, Harumin lived by throwing so many things behind him that he could not even remember the name of the main character of the manga.

On the contrary, Punpun has lived so long obsessed with his past, to the point of telling all of his childhood to Sachi in such detail that even the latter manages to recognize Harumin even though she has never seen him before, and despite twenty years in more than the memory that Punpun had of him. Does this mean that Harumin is happy, while Punpun is a depressed person? Absolutely not. I say this because Harumin has a mediocre normal life.

Unfortunately for Asano as for Punpun , he will never be like Harumin. Harumin is discussing with a new student, Sasazuka Moe, who has just moved into his school. Being an apprehensive teacher, he tries to encourage her before presenting her to the class. A child falls in love with Moe at first sight. Exactly like the scene present in the first chapter of the manga, when Aiko introduced herself in the class of Punpun. A sort of Nietzschean eternal return. With this scene Asano wants to show how there are, and there will be, so many other Punpun in the world. The same problems that he experienced, have already been experienced by other people, and in the future will be experienced by others. A finale of good omen, which shows how he has overcome his discomfort, so as to encourage readers who recognize themselves in Punpun or other characters to resist and fight against the contradictions of reality.

Emblematic of what I have just illustrated is the scene in chapter Despite this, Oyasumi, Punpun has a reputation for being one of the saddest and most depressing manga ever. Nothing could be more wrong. This manga in fact tells the inner path that led Asano to overcome his existential pain, to defeat his demons, to accept his past. The author finally realizes that what he said, done or written in the past, is the work of a part of his ego that no longer exists Aiko. Now, his reason for living is the love that he feels for his profession as a mangaka Sachi.

As the vast majority of his colleagues already do, after all. In the aforementioned interview, Asano shows his concern about the misinterpretation of Oyasumi, Punpun :. The author had the same fate as the protagonist of his manga: to have his own will inexorably crushed by other people; because Oyasumi, Punpun is not only considered a utsumanga, but is considered by many as the depressing manga par excellence. The most curious circumstance concerns the end of the manga, as it has caused many criticisms against the author. It wraps it all up a little too well. Interpreting it through what has been written so far in this article, it is easy to see how Asano is talking about himself.

So what is the solution to a life of anguish? Asano knows that this is a quixotic battle, there is no enemy, everything is created by his psyche. What he has to do is resign himself and put his soul in peace. This is the meaning of the manga finale. Punpun accepts and learns to live with his mental disorders, finding not happiness, but a balance that allows him to continue living without sinking into the darkness of his ego. Not even with the colors of the covers of the last two tankobons, the author managed to avoid the utsumanga label. The twelfth volume is colored black, symbolically representing the darkest point reached by Punpun; while the thirteenth is of a pure white, to highlight how the protagonist managed to escape from oblivion, and how he finally reached a balance that allows him to continue living.

This does not mean that Oyasumi, Punpun is a joyous or happy manga, it simply means that Asano has achieved emotional stability. A cauldron that contains the fundamental essence of all his past work. From What a wonderful world! From Nijigahara Holograph the author instead takes up the cryptic and mystical aspect, reasonably weakened in order not to over-conceal the message of the work. Also from this manga also Asano takes up the theme on the perception of God, enormously discussed in Oyasumi, Punpun.

Not by chance after the completion of this last work, Asano decided to write a new epilogue for Solanin , ten years after its publication. This does not mean that he will no longer write introspective works, but that he will try to focus his art on entertaining his audience with something more carefree and light-hearted. But we must never forget that Aiko every 7th of July returns to find him. First of all, thank you for the great work you provide!

I ended up here after reading Nijigahara Holograph and understanding, uuuh, pretty much nothing even though it was an enjoyable read. I liked your analysis so much, I wanted to see what you had to say about Punpun. Not disappointed at all, it was very interesting and surprisingly easy to read considering the length and the multitude of topics brought up. Thank you again for your work, cheers! In my opinion there is only one interpretation of a work: the one of the author. If the author states that the ending written for Punpun is the worst possible, then that ending is the absolute worst possible … for the character, for the author, for the reader, for everyone.

This however is my personal thought, so you can consider it right or not. Reality is tough, so read this manga about cute girls and feel better. I realized how important that is after watching K-On! Hi, great work with the analysis, it is so well written, I wish I could write as well as you. I have a question regarding the manga and would like to hear your thoughts on it. Do you think the divorce of PunPun parents plays a big part in causing PunPun to turn out the way he did?

Could this suggest that the author comes from a broken family? One more thing I notice is the similarity between the uncle and PunPun. They both share the same rigid moral code that when broken cause them to suffer greatly for example uncle cheated and PunPun broke his promise with Aiko. They both fall prey to toxic love and obsessed with the past. However one important distinction is that the uncle manage to move on from it, because unlike PunPun he chooses to not follow the pottery girl whereas PunPun chooses to follow Aiko.

What do you think about the parallel between these two characters? Sorry for any grammar mistake, English is not my first language. As for Yuuichi, as I wrote in the article, he plays the role of third parent for Punpun, and the latter learns what his uncle teaches him, which is to face life with a rigid moral code. But being of the three parents the only one who tries to play his role correctly. That is why they also get along. The older girls of the orphanage sometimes tease Roberta and Twyla. These girls wear make and appear to be scary and vulnerable. The older girls often hang out and listen to the radio and dance in the orchard.

Twyla often sees the orchard in her dream; however, nothing really happened there except that Maggie, an old sandy color woman, fell down there. Maggie works in the kitchen and is suffering from multiple disabilities. She is deaf and perhaps mute. They lunch at the orphanage. Roberta and Twyla were happy. They wear nice dresses and curl the hair of each other. When Roberta introduces her mother to Mary and Twyla, her mother simply walks away. Twyla gets embarrassed when her mother does not bring food. She wishes to kill her. The story then shifts eight years ahead in time. One day Greyhound Bus stops at the dinner, and Roberta is among the passengers.

She is accompanied by two young men and wearing an outfit and makeup that made her look like a nun. Twyla and Roberta have a short and casual conversation. However, Roberta appears to be disinterested and rude. Roberta also taunts her when Twyla discloses that she does not know Jimi Hendrix. Roberta is about to leave without saying goodbye that Twyla asks her about her mother. Roberts tells her that she is fine and formally asks about Mary and then leaves. The narrative of the story then shifts to twelve years ahead in time. Twyla has married James, who lives in Newburg with his family. They have given birth to a son Joseph. Regardless of high poverty, Newburg is redeveloping.

A gourmet market has been opened in the city. Twyla, out of curiosity, visits the shop. However, she is anxious to buy anything. She finally decides to buy Klondike bars as her son and father-in-law love them. Twyla encounters Roberta at the checkout. Roberts is elegant dresses and tells her that she lives in the wealthy suburb of Annandale with her husband and four stepchildren. Roberta offers to have a coffee. The two women behave like sisters at the coffee shop.

They were laughing, giggling, and tightly holding each other. They also recall their time at St. Bonny orphanage. Roberta also shows off that she has last learned to read. Twyla talks about Maggie, and Roberta reveals that she did not fall but was pushed by the gar girls. Twyla does not believe what she says. However, Roberta discloses that she knows about it because she went back to St. Bonny orphanage twice, and the second time she ran away.

Roberta tells her that her behavior was because of the ongoing racial tension at that time. The two women talk about protest and then start backbiting. Ultimately some women in the protest rock the car of Twyla. Roberta asserts that she was black, and they kicked her. Both of them call each other liars, and Twyla comes to join the counter-protest. She holds a series of placards that are directly addressed to Roberta. Twyla also leaves and does not choose to come back. Time passes. Christmas has arrived. Joseph is not admitted to the college. Twyla chooses to stop and buy a coffee after buying a Christmas tree. She observes a group of wealthy people near dinner. She admits that she made herself try to look at them.

Twyla goes inside and finds Roberta. Roberta wants to speak to her. Twyla, even though she resists, finally agrees to talk. The woman talks about small things before Roberta tells her that she has to say something. Roberta claims that she thought Maggie was black and knew that she and Twyla did not kick her at all. They both just watched the gar girls kicking her. Roberta also admits that she wants the gar girls to kick her, and that is bad. Twyla comforts her when Roberta starts crying. Twyla suspects Roberta is upset and drunk.

She tries to comfort her by reminding her that they are eight years old lonely children. Robert appears to have better feelings. Roberta tells her that her mother never got a mother. Twyla also says that Mary never stops dancing. What the hell happened to Maggie? All of these time periods saw shifts in culture and racial tensions in the United States. The first part of the story took place in the s when Twyla and Roberta were eighteen years old. The Supreme Court issued Brown vs. Board of Education in , which outlawed the segregation of school.

The schools faced a severe protest by the white segregationists, and to be able to set foot in their school, they required the intervention of President Eisenhower. The second stage of the story is set in the s. During that time, Twyla and Roberta are young adults. In , the Civil Rights Movements were passed. Following the murder of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. There was also a huge cultural shift in the s. In the story, Roberta is on her way to meet Jimi Hendrix. The decade of the s appears to have more improved race relationships. However, the black communities still suffered from incarcerations and high rates of poverty. Their conditions worsened during the presidency of Ronald Reagan. Ha was elected in Even though the short story was written when the Reagan era has started, it also alludes to the social issues that got intensified during his presidency.

The short story points out the increased discrepancy between the lives of the poor and the rich. In the s and s, the Brown vs. Board of Education also saw an increase in the usage of busing as a means to force the racial integration of schools. Several other key movements of the twentieth century, like that of the Harlem Renaissance, preceded the movement. Writers such as James Baldwin, Gwendolyn Brooks, and Richard Wright also deal with the themes of segregation and racism in the s and s. Therefore, they create a sense of the cultural moment that leads to the Civil Rights Movement in s. The period was followed by the Black Arts Movement, which was the cultural and key factor of the Black Power Movement.

This movement was started by Imani Amiri Baraka. The Black Art Movement deals with those aesthetic principles that were not included in the white Western tradition. They also intend to liberate the black writers and artists from white dependency and institutions such as publishing houses and universities. Even though Toni Morrison is not part of the Black Arts Movement, she is generally associated with it, and her works are placed in the African-American tradition.

When the story opens, she is eight years old. She has been brought to St. The race of both of the characters remains ambiguous throughout the story. Though Twyla could not perform well at school, she is better than Roberta as she can read. At St. She is affectionate towards Roberta and curious about Maggie. When her mother, Mary, comes to visit her at an orphanage, she has strange emotions as she is excited to see her but simultaneously ashamed at her behavior.

In her late teens, Twyla started working at Howard Johnson. She becomes more responsible and weary. She marries a man whom she describes as wonderful to Roberta and privately calls him as comfortable as a house slipper. Twyla appears to be alarmed by the incursion of wealth and development in Newburg. She is anxious and stressed because of her financial conditions. When Roberta claims that both of them kicked Maggie, she feels resentful. However, at the end of the story, she realizes that her anger and helplessness towards her mother ignites her desire to kick Maggie.

Besides Twyla, Roberta is another main character of the story. Both of the girls are eight years old. One of the girls in white, and while the other is black, however, it is ambiguous which race belongs to which race. At the end of the story, Roberta reveals that her mother was in an institution that claims her illness to be mental rather than physical. Even though Roberta appears to be raised up in a less neglectful way than Twyla, she is unable to read. Roberta leaves St. Bonny before Twyla; however, she returns back to it twice, and for the second time, she runs away.

Roberta has to wear a glamorous and sexy outfit with lots of makeup. Two men are accompanying her, and they are heading to meet Hendrix. She taunts Twyla for not knowing Hendrix. In the final section of the story, Roberta has undergone a transformation. She has married a rich man when Twyla meets her at the gourmet market. She is associated with luxury. However, she also becomes a passionate opponent of forced integration.

The personality of Roberta appears to be less stable than that of Twyla. She also has insecurity about her identity. However, it is also suggested that Roberta is more self-centered than serious and responsible Twyla. However, Twyla assumes that she is deaf as well. However, Twyla is certain that she can listen to them and is guilty about it. Due to her helplessness and vulnerability, children at St. Bunny feel angry towards her.

Roberta and Twyla also want to hurt Maggie because she resembles and represents their mothers and their vulnerability. Maggie has become a point of contention between Roberta and Twyla when Roberta asserts that they also, along with other girls, Kicked Maggie at the orchard. Roberta also asserts that Maggie is black. However, Twyla does not agree with it.

Later, Roberta confesses that they did not kick her with other girls, but they want to kick her. The racial ambiguity of Maggie in the story mirrors the complicated relationship of a woman with race. They resist being identified as oppressive and bigoted while at the same time, they want to distance themselves from the pitiful and helpless existence of Maggie. She is the woman in charge of St. The real name of Big Bozo is Mrs. Her official title is not mentioned in the story. She assigns Roberta and Twyla to be roommates.

When Twyla objects that her mother would disdain this, she rudely dismisses her. The children at the orphanage appear to dislike Big Bozo. Roberta, after twenty years when she meets Twyla at the gourmet market, discloses that Big Bozo was a friend when the gar girls kicked Maggie at the orchard. Big Bozo represents harsh and loveless authoritarianism that is endured by the children as for not being raised by their own parents.

The story also suggests that some parents can be more unpleasant. Marry is the mother of Twyla. She is introduced at the beginning of the story when Twyla describes her arrival at St. Bonny because her mother danced all night. Throughout the story, Twyla uses this simple phrase to explain why Mary is unable to take care of her. However, the true meaning of this phrase is ambiguous.

She could be suffering from any disease, or she could be a sex worker. That is why she does not want to have any child. The name of Mary is ironic. She is completely opposite to the self-sacrificing and morally perfect figure. Instead is a careless mother who abandoned Twyla. Whenever she comes to meet Twyla, she jiggles throughout the church service. Even at the age of eight, Twyla appears to be more responsible than her mother. Twyla has mixed feelings about her mother. She is excited when she comes to meet her. However, she is also embarrassed at the same time because of the weird and crazy behavior of her mother.

At the end of the story, Twyla repeats the phrase that even though she has become a mother, Mary has not stopped dancing. Moreover, the detail about the character is also not clearly mentioned. Roberta describes her as sick. However, her illness is not mentioned. It is unclear whether she is suffering from mental illness or physical. Twyla describes her as bigger than any man when she comes to meet Roberta.

She is wearing a cross and carrying the Bible. At the beginning of the story, Twyla and Robert are picked on by some older teenage girls. They wear makeup and smoke cigarettes. Roberta and Twyla are afraid of them and think of them as touchy and mean. However, Twyla notices that they are scared runaways who have fought off their uncles. They are the paradox of vulnerability and toughness. They represent how children who faced abuse and neglect are considered threatening. They also kick Maggie in the orchard, thereby representing an abuse that Roberta and Twyla are trying to escape from. He is the only son of Twyla and James.

He does not mind being bused or integrated into another school. He prefers to study at home while the schools are closed and watch TV. They meet in the orphanage or shelter St.

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