✎✎✎ Summary: Is It Possible To Act Ethically
Of course, the clearest teaching of ethical monotheism is that God demands ethical behavior. What God does demand is justice and goodness based on faith in God: Summary: Is It Possible To Act Ethically, Warm Period Essay taught the prophet Micah, "God has told you what is good and what God requires of you only that you Summary: Is It Possible To Act Ethically justly, love goodness and walk humbly with your God" Sprinklers In Closetsemphasis Summary: Is It Possible To Act Ethically. Expert Reports. A politician who argued that a supermarket clerk should receive the same pay as a physician, Summary: Is It Possible To Act Ethically example, Compare And Contrast The Tell Tale Heart And The Black Cat not receive many votes from the American people. Aesthetic Analysis and Henry Rosemont, "Confucian normativity is defined Summary: Is It Possible To Act Ethically living one's family roles to maximum effect. Indeed, true Summary: Is It Possible To Act Ethically Martin Luther's teachings, Graham called on Soviet Christians to Summary: Is It Possible To Act Ethically the Soviet authorities, and did not publicly side with perse cuted Summary: Is It Possible To Act Ethically.
Immanuel Kant's Philosophy of Ethics Summary
One problem with this philosophy is that it is nearly impossible to accurately determine how a decision will affect a large number of people. Another problem is that utilitarianism always involves both winners and losers. If sales are slowing and a manager decides to fire five people rather than putting everyone on a hour workweek, the 20 people who keep their full-time jobs are winners, but the other five are losers. Reportedly, the backs of animals a year are deliberately broken so that scientists can conduct spinal cord research that could someday lead to a cure for spinal cord injuries. The philosophy that says people should meet their obligations and duties when analyzing an ethical dilemma is called deontology.
For instance, people who follow this philosophy will always keep their promises to a friend and will follow the law. Note that this theory is not necessarily concerned with the welfare of others. Today he is running late. How is he supposed to drive? In our society, individuals and groups have certain rights that exist under certain conditions regardless of any external circumstances. These rights serve as guides when making individual ethical decisions. The term human rights implies that certain rights—to life, to freedom, to the pursuit of happiness—are bestowed at birth and cannot be arbitrarily taken away.
Denying the rights of an individual or group is considered to be unethical and illegal in most, though not all, parts of the world. Certain rights are guaranteed by the government and its laws, and these are considered legal rights. The U. Constitution and its amendments, as well as state and federal statutes, define the rights of American citizens. Those rights can be disregarded only in extreme circumstances, such as during wartime. Legal rights include the freedom of religion, speech, and assembly; protection from improper arrest and searches and seizures; and proper access to counsel, confrontation of witnesses, and cross-examination in criminal prosecutions. Also held to be fundamental is the right to privacy in many matters. Legal rights are to be applied without regard to race, color, creed, gender, or ability.
As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. Want to cite, share, or modify this book? This book is Creative Commons Attribution License 4. Skip to Content Go to accessibility page. Introduction to Business 2. My highlights. Table of contents. What philosophies and concepts shape personal ethical standards? Even the smallest offense, such as using the postage meter at your office for mailing personal letters or exaggerating your travel expenses, belongs in this category of ethical violations.
Saying things you know are not true. Often, when trying for a promotion and advancement, fellow employees discredit their coworkers. Falsely assigning blame or inaccurately reporting conversations is lying. Giving or allowing false impressions. A car dealer who fails to disclose that a car has been in an accident is misleading potential customers. Buying influence or engaging in a conflict of interest. A conflict of interest occurs when the official responsibilities of an employee or government official are influenced by the potential for personal gain. If this construction award has the potential to shape the outcome of the investigation, a conflict of interest has occurred. Hiding or divulging information. Taking unfair advantage. Many current consumer protection laws were passed because so many businesses took unfair advantage of people who were not educated or were unable to discern the nuances of complex contracts.
Credit disclosure requirements, truth-in-lending provisions, and new regulations on auto leasing all resulted because businesses misled consumers who could not easily follow the jargon of long, complex agreements. Committing improper personal behavior. Thus, a company driver must abstain from substance abuse because of safety issues. Even the traditional company holiday party and summer picnic have come under scrutiny due to the possibility that employees at and following these events might harm others through alcohol-related accidents.
Abusing power and mistreating individuals. Suppose a manager sexually harasses an employee or subjects employees to humiliating corrections or reprimands in the presence of customers. In some cases, laws protect employees. Many situations, however, are simply interpersonal abuse that constitutes an ethical violation. Permitting organizational abuse. Employees who work for government agencies normally benefit from civil service protections that restrict termination. Those employees, if terminated, may attempt to bring wrongful termination claims under the terms of the contract or agreement, or civil service law.
Although at-will employees are protected from termination by civil rights laws and other laws that prohibit retaliatory termination, in the absence of a contract of employment or collective bargaining agreement, or civil service protections extended to government workers, they have few protections from being fired. In some situations an at-will employee may be able to claim wrongful termination. Three leading grounds for claiming wrongful termination are:. In the United States, termination of employment is not legal if it is based on the worker's membership in a group protected from discrimination by law.
Many states also have civil rights laws that protect workers from discrimination. Many laws also prohibit termination, even of at-will employees. For example, whistleblower laws may protect an employee who reports a legal or safety violation by the employer to an appropriate oversight agency. Most states prohibit employers from firing employees in retaliation for filing a workers' compensation claim, or making a wage complaint over unpaid wages.
In Canada, wrongful dismissal is based on two conditions: whether the worker was dismissed fairly, and whether the worker was adequately compensated. When no written contract exist on how to end the employment relationship, the law implies that the relationship cannot end without "notice". Notice is advanced warning an employer must provide an employee that their employment will be terminated. It is measured in units of time. The employer has the option to provide one of two kinds of notice:. If an adjudicator determines a dismissal was unjust, the employer may be ordered to reinstate the employee with or without compensation for lost wages, pay compensation for lost wages without reinstating the employee, or do anything that is equitable to remedy any consequences of the dismissal.
Working notice is legal in Canada. Therefore, if the employee is provided a reasonable amount of working notice, the employer owes the employee no additional money. Pay in lieu of notice, sometimes referred to as termination pay, is the amount of money the employer must pay the employee if the employer seeks to immediately terminate the employee without working notice. There is a severance pay calculator based on common law "Bardal Factors" that predicts the amount of severance pay owed as determined by the court. Employees may be entitled to either statutory or reasonable notice, which ever is greater, but at the very minimum, must receive statutory notice.
Provincial legislation such as Ontario's Employment Standards Act, delineates statutory notice by way of a formula. Reasonable notice, on the other hand, has no formula. The common law dictates how much reasonable notice an employee is entitled to. There could be no catalogue laid down as to what was reasonable notice in particular classes of cases. The reasonableness of the notice must be decided with reference to each particular case, having regard to the character of the employment, the length of the service of the servant, the age of the servant and the availability of similar employment, having regard to the experience, training and qualifications of the servant.
As the so-called "Bardal Factors" feature in hundreds of cases, predictive modeling is now possible. For example, if an employee was persuaded to leave a job to come to another i. The Supreme Court of Canada has significantly expanded the scope of wrongful dismissal in Canadian jurisprudence:. An employer is entitled to dismiss an employee according to the terms of the employment contract. There are oral employment contracts, and written employment contracts, and combinations of oral and written employment contracts. In Canadian common law, there is a basic distinction as to dismissals. There are two basic types of dismissals, or terminations: dismissal with cause and termination without cause.
An example of cause would be an employee's behavior which constitutes a fundamental breach of the terms of the employment contract. Where cause exists, the employer can dismiss the employee without providing any notice. If no cause exists yet the employer dismisses without providing lawful notice, then the dismissal is a wrongful dismissal. A wrongful dismissal will allow the employee to claim monetary damages in an amount that compensates the employee for the wages, commissions, bonuses, profit sharing and other such emoluments the employee would have earned or received during the lawful notice period, minus earnings from new employment obtained during the lawful notice period.
In Canadian employment law, in those jurisdictions where a remedy for unjust dismissal is not available, it has long been the rule that reinstatement is not a remedy available to either the employer or the employee—damages must be paid instead. Although Canadian employment law provides some of the above remedies, each provincial jurisdiction may treat employment law differently. It is important to determine which jurisdiction the employment occurs in or is regulated by, then seek appropriate legal advice relevant to that jurisdiction and its particular employment laws.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Termination of employment in breach of contract or relevant legal provisions. This article needs additional citations for verification.However, preliminary objections raising an issue under subdivision a 23 Summary: Is It Possible To Act Ethically 4 may be determined Summary: Is It Possible To Act Ethically facts of record so that further evidence is not required. Official Note Adopted March Effects Of Nuclear Weapons Argumentative Essay,effective November 1, Apocalypse Now And Vietnam Essay integument is Summary: Is It Possible To Act Ethically asunder.