➊ Examples Of Polite Manners In The Great Gatsby

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Examples Of Polite Manners In The Great Gatsby



She is Examples Of Polite Manners In The Great Gatsby of the tense, beautiful, willful, aspiring American girls, like Imogen Graham in Howells's Indian Summer, whom we meet Case Study: Jumpstarts Corporate Social Responsibility often in the fiction of the period. Why had Dolphus Raymond made himself into Examples Of Polite Manners In The Great Gatsby town outcast? However, the humans in the book only refer to the creature as a "monster" only for his appearance. Examples Of Polite Manners In The Great Gatsby is the topics that are not put in a logical order Examples Of Polite Manners In The Great Gatsby overall make him seem like he is not a Examples Of Polite Manners In The Great Gatsby. Nick Carraway, as the narrator, plays an essential role in The Great Gatsby. Updated January 15, Mr McKee just leaves without a word Examples Of Polite Manners In The Great Gatsby Carraway follows Examples Of Polite Manners In The Great Gatsby in silence and unnoticed of the Examples Of Polite Manners In The Great Gatsby.

Like Pale Gold - The Great Gatsby Part 1: Crash Course English Literature #4

When Nick sees Gatsby standing outside on the dock with his arms stretched out towards the water, he stands there wondering what he is doing. Nick was truly convinced that his whole story was one lie upon another, especially the way Gatsby hesitated and rush through certain words. This was before Gatsby showed him his two precious jewels: the photo of himself at Oxford and the medal from Montenegro, which served as complete astonishment to Nick.

He was still very reluctant in believing some of the other stories Gatsby told him prior to. Everyone in West Egg knows of Gatsby and his over the top parties. That is what he is most credited for in West Egg, however, nobody knows anything else about who he is. Naturally, when people do not have the information they rumor and speculate about the truth and create their own version of truth from that. Why had Dolphus Raymond made himself into a town outcast? What commentary is he making about the town and its values? The song also brings up bringing her love to heaven with her, which can be said for Gatsby but does Daisy really want to go with him. He seems to bypasses her wants there as well as in the confessing of who Daisy really loves and we never see him ask her.

Deceitful Minds In the Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald sets the book up to make two characters in particular to look very important. Those characters names are Nick and Jay Gatsby. Nick is a small town man that has recently moved next door to Mr. Gatsby is this very wealthy man who throws these elegant parties every weekend. As the book continues, we begin to see that these two men are actually not as truthful and honorable as they are made out to be.

The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald illustrates the nineteen twenties prosperous period as well as the dark secrets of the United States history. James Gatsby is a young man who is raised in poverty to wealth and power. His rise to wealth is the ipodomy of the American dream even though he used illegal means of making money. Gatsby sold illegal liquor through his pharmacy during the prohibition.

The Great Gatsby also shows the lack of police enforcement of the new laws from the twenty first amendment. This dream in which one has such a surplus of money and frivolous items that everyone else seems unworthy of their presence. Gatsby has a mansion large enough to house a hundred people, and enough liquor to drink them all into a stupor. He has numerous cars, an endless supply of food, party guests galore, and yet, he indulges in none of it. These arguments are simply not valid. In the novel, The Great Gatsby , one of the protagonists, Jay Gatsby, was born into a poor family but became rich through shady circumstances. Even with his enormous wealth, he was still never integrated into the upper reaches of high societies.

I am afraid to go deeply into anything, lest it should make ruin in my name, my family, and my property. Yet despite his fear of going deeply, Honore's aristocratic background and contemplative nature have made him aware of political realities unknown to less disillusioned minds. As the discussion goes on, the dark tangle of passions and interest that underlie politics is suggested by the ritual chant and Calinda dance in a slave-yard, the purport of which is a satire of the ruling classes, the point being that the pride of the Grandissimes must now humble itself before the Yankees.

There is a good deal of highly effective symbolism in Cable's novel, mostly having to do with light and dark and the ambiguity not only of racial strains but of reality itself. We do not have in The Grandissimes an epistemological symbolism. The book does not ask the intelligence to concern itself with meaning but rather to grasp and cleave to the concrete conditions of life. We have, as in so many American fictions, a realistic novel tending away from strict realism toward the romance by way of melodrama. The symbols are involved in the intricacies of experience but as in Cable's ancestral Calvinism they move, not toward ambiguity and multiple meaning, as in symbolistic art, but toward ideology and dialectic.

The structure of the book is melodramatic. That is, it conceives of life as a hazardous action between very marked, perhaps irreconcilable extremes which, appropriate to the subject, are racial, social, and political extremes. As in so many of the novels we are considering, alternative fates are offered to the actors —they can transcend the contradictions of their experience by an act of horror, violence, or suicide, or they can momentarily escape the contradictions by a loving connection with the ordinary realities of nature and the humanities of men. The two heroines of the story, the young widow Aurore Nancanou and her daughter Clothilde, are members of the De Grapion family, which has had an ancient feud with the Grandissimes.

Aurore's husband has been killed and her property lost in a duel with Agricola Fusilier, a relative of the Grandissimes and the patriarch of the clan. The ladies are endowed by Cable with perhaps a little too much fine, ineffable femininity. They are creatures of the age of How-ells, and, as women white women, that is they will not be questioned too far, nor set too firmly in the world.

Yet a sufficient reason for their child-like fragility is supplied by their having in their own way the Creole unworldliness. In the background of the Nancanou ladies there is the sinister figure of the soothsayer Palmyre Philosophe and the voodoo world she inhabits. The violence of Palmyre finds its counterpart in the paralyzed will, the deeply stricken silence and passivity of another quadroon, Honore Grandissime's half brother who bears the same name and haunts him throughout the novel, as the dark, invisible side of the moon haunts the light. Yet before his inevitable suicide, there is enough latent violence in him to stab Agricola Fusilier after he has been hit in the face with a cane for refusing to take his hat off.

Cable supplies Agricola Fusilier with a detailed genealogy. But, anold man now, he has grown seedy; his beard wags wildly, his clothes are rather dirty and they show the styles of three decades. Like some dimly remembered ancestor of the Compson or Sartoris families in the novels of Faulkner, Agricola Fusilier is the master of a high rhetoric. A man must die—I forgive—even the enemies of Louisiana. Keene, one might add, is involved in a web of hopeless loves that give a lyric quality to Cable's book. He is in love with Clothilde, as Palmyre is with Honore white and as Honore the quadroon is with Palmyre.

In trying to suggest the quality of The Grandissimes I have inevitably made it sound more compact, intense, and rapid than it actually is. Despite the political intelligence, comic acuity, social passion, and ideological poetry which Cable marshaled in this novel, a good deal of it is written in the rather loose manner of the Howells age. There is some facetiousness, some sentimentality, and too much genteel maundering. One has to be ready to put up with this:. The most unkind trick time has played on Cable is the decline of the vogue of dialect speech. The vogue was flourishing when Cable wrote and he uses more dialect than a modern novelist would do. He had a rich linguistic store to draw on and a highly developed ear for language, so that we hear at one time or another not only Creole English but Creole French and Negro French and English.

The Creole English also varies according to the speaker. Most difficult of all are the few interpolated songs that combine French and African dialects and whose rhythmic pattern and refrains seem to suggest New Orleans jazz. But perhaps a generation somewhat receptive to the verbal facility of Joyce and Faulkner can rediscover a certain pleasure in the language of a minor virtuoso like Cable. In the following it is hard to know which is better, the French song or the paraphrase furnished by the Negro singer:.

De 'tit zozos—ye te assis— De 'tit zozos—si la barrier. De 'tit zozos, qui zabotte; Qui ca ye di' mo pas conne. Manzeur-poulet vini simin, Croupe si ye et croque ye; Personn' pli' tend' ye zabotte— De 'tit zozos si la barrier. Dat mean—two lill birds; dey was sittin' on de fence an' gabbin' togeddah, you know lak you see two young gals sometime', an' you can't mek out w'at dey sayin', even ef dey know demself? Chicken hawk come 'long dat road an' jes' set down an' munch 'em, an' nobody can't no mo' hea' deir lill gabbin' on de fence, you know. Modern literature has taught us again that language is full of comic possibilities.

The Grandissimes is a more complex hybrid than The Great Gatsby; it is richer and more various, but also more cluttered and more loosely written. It possesses in greater volume the standard novelistic devices. There are many characters, and the leading ones are well established in the circumstances of their lives; we watch them, too, as their opinions and feelings change under the pressure of circumstance and of what they come to perceive about themselves and their relation to other people, as well as to ideas and to history itself.

No single legendary hero steps to the center of the stage to impose the quality of his life on the whole, as in Gatsby. What happens rather is that a strongly realistic social novel becomes at the same time a poetic melodrama. The charm of The Grandissimes is that like Gatsby, in its different way, it is a peculiarly successful union of the novel of manners with romance. The trouble with Howells in general is first of all that he never tried hard enough. There is a real laziness, as well as a prudishness, about his mind, and in his novels he is always making great refusals.

He had a furtive, cunning intelligence which perhaps knew more about ordinary American life than any novelist has ever known. But he had little imagination, little power of making a fable, of launching an exciting action, little power even of establishing an atmosphere that could be sustained through a novel. What little imagination he had was incapable either of grasping, as imagination, the facts his intelligence perceived or of imparting to his novels a coherent form. His stories are full of unbridged gaps, and he is seldom able to give that indispensable impression, as James always does even in his inferior work, of a coherent action that includes and relates all the elements of the fiction. There is no voice which we can recognize as Howells.

There is only the long shelf of thirty-odd novels, which, though they are estimable documents for the critic and historian, contain very few fictional triumphs which are not brought off better by someone else. It is a pleasure, then, to read this late book. Here, the aged Howells makes a virtue out of not trying very hard, and The Vacation of the Kelwyns is not only charming for its pervasive quality of reminiscence, calm wisdom, and idyllic pleasure in life; it is given a unity of effect by thispervasive quality and by the hard, gritty, comic sense of reality and of human limitation that goes along with it. The story has to do with Elmer Kelwyn, a professor of historical sociology at Harvard, Mrs.

Kelwyn, and their two boys. The Kelwyns are in their forties. They are liberal, genteel, middle-class people, and they have the moral earnestness of their kind, as well as the uncertainty how to face life as they find it outside of their circle of experience. They are more overtly and admittedly jealous of their genteel social position than their more modern counterparts would be. But they live frugally, having only a little money beyond the professor's salary which means that even at best they can keep only two maids. In the summer they usually board with a farmer or at a hotel, it not being quite suitable to their position to prepare their own meals—indeed Kelwyn remembers positively as larks those few periods in their lives when they did their own cooking.

Kelwyn is not as intellectual as her husband but is predictably sharper in her social insistences and moral opinions. As the story opens we find that the Kelwyns have taken a house for the summer in New Hampshire. The house is owned by a neighboring Shaker community, and they take on as tenants a farmer and his wife—the Kites—on the understanding that Mrs. Kite will cook and keep house and that her husband will not only work the farm for his own profit but perform such services for the Kelwyns as saddling the horse.

The moral dilemmas of the story appear when it becomes clear that the Kites are, by the Kelwyns's standards, hopelessly unenlightened; they are backward, slovenly, and inefficient. Kite is morose, profane, suspicious, brutal; and his wife, though pleasant enough, is incapable of planning anything in advance or of improving her primitive methods of housekeeping. The first meal is a minor tragedy: the milk is spotted with dirt from the cellar rafters, the butter is rancid, the bread uneatable, the tea is like tar. Much of the story has to do with the struggle of the Kelwyns to improve the Kites.

They try reason and sympathy; they try threats, though being sensitive people, they are ashamed of having done this. They suffer from the moral ambiguities of the situation. Are the Kites really guilty of malfeasance? Or are they to be regarded as merely the victims of their own ignorance and of the narrow horizons of their degenerate, post-Calvinist provincialism? It is, of course, a veritable dilemma of modern liberalism. Are the Kites to be treated as criminals or unfortunate victims of their environment?

And if they are to be treated as both, are they more criminal than victimized or vice versa? And in the matter of practical action, should the Kelwyns fire the Kites or respond to the moral impulse to try to improve them? Meanwhile, the Kelwyns feel more and more degraded by living with such people—as well as with the other local types they come in contact with, all of whom Howells shows in an unfavorable light: the pusillanimous Shaker ladies, the local farmer with his obscene humor about death, the drunken Alison down the road, with his suffering wife and brood of children.

There are two other important characters in the novel. Parthenope Brook, aged twenty-seven, is the Kelwyns's cousin. Elihu Emerance, who seems to be vaguely modeled on Howells himself, is an itinerant schoolteacher, farm hand, playwright, and jack-of-all-trades. Parthenope is the orphaned daughter of two expatriates who have gone to Italy to paint. A product not only of foreign education but very distinctly of the highest Emersonian culture, she is intensely romantic and idealistic. She is one of the tense, beautiful, willful, aspiring American girls, like Imogen Graham in Howells's Indian Summer, whom we meet so often in the fiction of the period. But here his point is that Parthenope Brook is too good to be true. Her ideals are too abstract and rigid, herwill is too tense.

She must be chastened, relaxed, and humanized; and this takes place through her love for Emerance. Like Howells himself, Emerance is socially between the Kites and the Kelwyns. He is the son of humble parents, but he has acquired culture and such manners of the gentleman as are needed in America. She is baffled, fascinated, and repelled by the variousness of Emerance's personality and interests, as well as by the touch of raffishness and untidiness that clings to him. The process by which Parthenope is at last brought round to accept Emerance as her fiance is the familiar educative one by which pride is relaxed, prejudice dispelled, and ignorance enlightened as to the limited utility of the Ideal. It is a lesson, too, in the necessity of deriving the Ideal from the reality of circumstance, a lesson in the conditioning of the will by the actualities of one's life.

Meanwhile, the Kelwyns too relax their moral tensions, which they had worked up to a high pitch, threatening, finally, to dispossess the Kites. Instead they move out themselves, taking a place nearby which promises not to plunge them into the tensions of moral ideology but to be merely a pleasant and livable place for the rest of the summer. The whole novel thus moves away from the taut clash of moral abstractions and self-righteous aggressions to an idyllic celebration of the mere pleasure of contentedness with life, the vital quotidian nourishment the characters find by relaxing into the easier conditions of their being. There is often a festal tone to the book.

A dancing bear, to which Parthenope feeds coffee after it has been stunned by lightning, gypsy fortunetellers, and other odd and picturesque wanderers come in every once in a while as if from some enchanted realm just over the horizon. The novel losesnothing of its sharp edge by leaving even the exasperating Kites in something of a soft glow. In Chapter 19 of the novel the larger issues Howells has in mind are presented in almost allegorical form. The time is , and the centennial, as Howells stresses in later chapters, is a time for national as well as personal stock-taking and soul-searching.

Things are not well. The Shaker communities consist entirely of the wistful aged. The local population has fallen off in recent years, and the woods and fields show many abandoned and tumbled-down houses. The old-line Americans have got out of touch with life; their emotional lifehas hardened, shriveled, and dried up. In the local farmers the once vital Puritanism has become a mean-minded, sardonic pessimism. The practical hardiness and adaptability of the old New Englander has become, in the Kites, merely inefficiency, guile, and stupidity.

The Kelwyns are genteel and finicking almost to the point of futility. The immigrant Europeans and the gigantic Negro are more vivid and more powerfully alive than the Anglo-Saxons who have gone to seed in the New World. The idyl of Parthenope and Emerance is thus given an undercurrent of ominousness by the hints and portents of trouble in the land. Yet because of their marriage, a marriage of principle and impulse, we understand that all will be well. That this is the way they themselves understand their union is made clear at the end of Chapter In Parthenope impulse has hardened into a too tense ethical idealism, into principles too rigidly held.

In Emerance impulse flows strong and fresh but without direction or purpose. Howells is saying that American life is characterized by this kind of split, that when it occurs in exacerbated form, desiccation and aimlessness ensue, and that ever new modes of reconciliation must be found. The Vacation of the Kelwyns imparts a strong sense of the importance of actualities and of the intricate circuit of life that passes from the real to the ideal, from impulse to principle. This sense of things, which we identified with James at the end of Chapter I, is common in the English novel, but not at all common in the American novel, where the real and ideal are characteristically forced far apart into a striking opposition.

Nor is Howells's fine sense of human involvement common in the American novel On this score and others, Lionel Trilling has praised The Vacation of the Kelwyns briefly in his essay on Howells, and although I do not seem to make so much of Howells in general as Mr. Trilling does, it remains true that the book is, as he says, a remarkable one. The main arguments of Mr.

Trilling's essays in The Liberal Imagination prepare one for a sympathetic reading of Howells's novel, as they do for many greater novels. These essays implicitly answer, much better than I could, the objections that are likely to be raised against The Vacation of the Kelwyns. There is always an unexpected wrench, a rending of fibers, a pang of remorse … I think that at the end of every relation in life there is a sort of blind desire, unreasonable and illogical, to have it on again. If it ends abruptly or inimically this is especially the case. Unless, that is, as in the archetypal case of Chillingworth and Dimmesdale, the relation is obsessive and fatal. It endears Howells to us to think that his most moving expression of the strange difficulty of withdrawing from human relation should have been published in his advanced age, in the year he died.

Because of its symbolic reconciliations and harmonies The Vacation of the Kelwyns is akin to romance as we find it in Shakespeare's late plays. But, for the same reason, it is somewhat anomalous in American romance. American romance, as I have been saying in this book, does not bank much on the harmonies and reconciliations which pastoral idyl may bring into human life, or on the spiritual health it may bestow upon the future. Pastoral feeling in Cooper, Melville, Mark Twain, and Faulkner is elegiac; the pastoral experience is elusive, momentary, always receding into the past.

When it is momentarily recaptured—in the forests with Natty Bumppo, in Typee, on the raft with Huck Finn, inthe Mississippi hunting camp with Ike McCaslin—it is restorative, it recruits the benign emotions, it may even bring about a moral regeneration. But the pastoral experience is rather an escape from society and the complexities of one's own being than the source of ideals and practices which are capable of unifying and healing society, or one's own being. Despite the elements of romance in the three novels we have been looking at in this chapter—the tragicomic legend in Gatsby, the high melodramatic coloring in The Grandissimes and the idyllic allegory of The Vacation of the Kelwyns— they are all concerned with the realities of man's life in society. They all concern themselves with the processes by which distorted or exaggerated ideals either lead to the defeat of the individual in society or are modified and chastened in him by disillusion and social education.

However, the humans in the book only refer to the creature as a "monster" only Examples Of Polite Manners In The Great Gatsby his appearance. But the pastoral experience Examples Of Polite Manners In The Great Gatsby rather an escape from society and the complexities of one's own being than the source of ideals and practices which are Conformity In George Orwells Most Dystopian Society of unifying and healing society, or one's Examples Of Polite Manners In The Great Gatsby being. During Examples Of Polite Manners In The Great Gatsby time period people Examples Of Polite Manners In The Great Gatsby filled with optimism towards the future, but through this novel, Fitzgerald conveys a darker side of this time period. Scott Fitzgerald's Novel 'The Examples Of Polite Manners In The Great Gatsby Gatsby' Tom, used to the polite air of old money, regards the newly rich, including Gatsby, with disdain at one Examples Of Polite Manners In The Great Gatsby his lavish parties. Through Bootlegging, Examples Of Polite Manners In The Great Gatsby was able to make vast fortune quickly.

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