➊ The Origins Of DC Comics
The Origins Of DC Comics desperation and seeing the "embers of good" within Billy, the dying Wizard passes on his powers and teaches Billy they can be The Origins Of DC Comics through the magic word The Origins Of DC Comics when spoken with good intentions. However, on The Origins Of DC Comics legal The Origins Of DC Comics of his friend and publishing mentor Martin L. Harleen Quinzel The Origins Of DC Comics discovered a revolutionary cure for the Personal Narrative: Mission Trip of Gotham City-she just Being Free: The True Meaning Of Freedom to prove it actually works. Community See All. Gorfinkel The Origins Of DC Comics Chuck Dixon. The basic elements of Billy Batson's and Captain Marvel's origin story remained The Origins Of DC Comics or less intact throughwith minor The Origins Of DC Comics over the years.
Mad Hatter Origin - DC Comics
The Superman family of titles, under editor Mort Weisinger , introduced such enduring characters as Supergirl , Bizarro , and Brainiac. Schwartz, together with artist Infantino, then revitalized Batman in what the company promoted as the "New Look", with relatively down-to-Earth stories re-emphasizing Batman as a detective. Meanwhile, editor Kanigher successfully introduced a whole family of Wonder Woman characters having fantastic adventures in a mythological context. Since the s, when Superman, Batman, and many of the company's other heroes began appearing in stories together, DC's characters inhabited a shared continuity that, decades later, was dubbed the " DC Universe " by fans. DC's introduction of the reimagined superheroes did not go unnoticed by other comics companies.
However, the senior DC staff were reportedly at a loss at this time to understand how this small publishing house was achieving this increasingly threatening commercial strength. For instance, when Marvel's product was examined in a meeting, Marvel's emphasis on more sophisticated character-based narrative and artist-driven visual storytelling was apparently ignored for self-deluding guesses at the brand's popularity which included superficial reasons like the presence of the color red or word balloons on the cover, or that the perceived crudeness of the interior art was somehow more appealing to readers.
When Lee learned about DC's subsequent experimental attempts to imitate these perceived details, he amused himself by arranging direct defiance of those assumptions in Marvel's publications as sales strengthened further to frustrate the competition. However, this ignorance of Marvel's true appeal did not extend to some of the writing talent during this period, from which there were some attempts to emulate Marvel's narrative approach. For instance, there was the Doom Patrol series by Arnold Drake , a writer who previously warned the management of the new rival's strength;  a superhero team of outsiders who resented their freakish powers,  which Drake later speculated was plagiarized by Stan Lee to create The X-Men. A Batman TV show on the ABC network sparked a temporary spike in comic book sales, and a brief fad for superheroes in Saturday morning animation Filmation created most of DC's initial cartoons and other media.
This tone coincided with the famous "Go-Go Checks" checkerboard cover-dress which featured a black-and-white checkerboard strip all DC books cover dated February until August at the top of each comic, a misguided attempt by then-managing editor Irwin Donenfeld to make DC's output "stand out on the newsracks". In , Batman artist Infantino who had designed popular Silver Age characters Batgirl and the Phantom Stranger rose from art director to become DC's editorial director.
With the growing popularity of upstart rival Marvel Comics threatening to topple DC from its longtime number-one position in the comics industry, he attempted to infuse the company with more focus towards marketing new and existing titles and characters with more adult sensibilities towards an emerging older age group of superhero comic book fans that grew out of Marvel's efforts to market their superhero line to college-aged adults. Kinney National spun off its non-entertainment assets in as National Kinney Corporation and changed its name to Warner Communications Inc. Given carte blanche to write and illustrate his own stories, he created a handful of thematically linked series he called collectively The Fourth World.
In the existing series Superman's Pal Jimmy Olsen and in his own, newly launched series New Gods , Mister Miracle , and The Forever People , Kirby introduced such enduring characters and concepts as archvillain Darkseid and the other-dimensional realm Apokolips. Furthermore, Kirby intended their stories to be reprinted in collected editions, in a publishing format that was later called the trade paperback , which became a standard industry practice decades later. While sales were respectable, they did not meet DC management's initially high expectations, and also suffered from a lack of comprehension and internal support from Infantino.
By the "Fourth World" was all cancelled, although Kirby's conceptions soon became integral to the broadening of the DC Universe, especially after the major toy company, Kenner Products , judged them ideal for their action figure adaptation of the DC Universe , the Super Powers Collection. In , the company officially changed its name to DC Comics. Following the science-fiction innovations of the Silver Age , the comics of the s and s became known as the Bronze Age, as fantasy gave way to more naturalistic and sometimes darker themes.
Illegal drug use, banned by the Comics Code Authority , explicitly appeared in comics for the first time in Marvel Comics' story " Green Goblin Reborn! Jenette Kahn , a former children's magazine publisher, replaced Infantino as editorial director in January As it happened, her first task even before being formally hired, was to convince Bill Sarnoff, the head of Warner Publishing, to keep DC as a publishing concern, as opposed to simply managing their licensing of their properties. This included launching series featuring such new characters as Firestorm and Shade, the Changing Man , as well as an increasing array of non-superhero titles, in an attempt to recapture the pre- Wertham days of post-War comicdom. In June , five months before the release of the first Superman movie , Kahn expanded the line further, increasing the number of titles and story pages, and raising the price from 35 cents to 50 cents.
Most series received eight-page back-up features while some had full-length twenty-five-page stories. This was a move the company called the "DC Explosion". Seeking new ways to boost market share , the new team of publisher Kahn, vice president Paul Levitz , and managing editor Giordano addressed the issue of talent instability. As it happened, the implementation of these incentives proved opportune considering Marvel Comics' Editor-in-Chief, Jim Shooter , was alienating much of his company's creative staff with his authoritarian manner and major talents there went to DC like Roy Thomas , Gene Colan , Marv Wolfman , and George Perez. In addition, emulating the era's new television form, the miniseries while addressing the matter of an excessive number of ongoing titles fizzling out within a few issues of their start, DC created the industry concept of the comic book limited series.
This publishing format allowed for the deliberate creation of finite storylines within a more flexible publishing format that could showcase creations without forcing the talent into unsustainable open-ended commitments. The first such title was World of Krypton in , and its positive results lead to subsequent similar titles and later more ambitious productions like Camelot for the direct market in These changes in policy shaped the future of the medium as a whole, and in the short term allowed DC to entice creators away from rival Marvel, and encourage stability on individual titles.
Their superhero-team comic, superficially similar to Marvel's ensemble series X-Men , but rooted in DC history, earned significant sales  in part due to the stability of the creative team, who both continued with the title for six full years. Crisis featured many key deaths that shaped the DC Universe for the following decades, and it separated the timeline of DC publications into pre- and post-"Crisis".
Meanwhile, a parallel update had started in the non-superhero and horror titles. Since early , the work of British writer Alan Moore had revitalized the horror series The Saga of the Swamp Thing , and soon numerous British writers, including Neil Gaiman and Grant Morrison , began freelancing for the company. The resulting influx of sophisticated horror-fantasy material led to DC in establishing the Vertigo mature-readers imprint, which did not subscribe to the Comics Code Authority. The mids also saw the end of many long-running DC war comics , including series that had been in print since the s.
These titles, all with over issues, included Sgt. Rock , G. In June, the first Tim Burton-directed Batman movie was released, and DC began publishing its hardcover series of DC Archive Editions , collections of many of their early, key comics series, featuring rare and expensive stories unseen by many modern fans. These collections attempted to retroactively credit many of the writers and artists who had worked without much recognition for DC during the early period of comics when individual credits were few and far between. The comics industry experienced a brief boom in the early s, thanks to a combination of speculative purchasing mass purchase of the books as collectible items, with intent to resell at a higher value as the rising value of older issues, was thought to imply that all comics would rise dramatically in price and several storylines which gained attention from the mainstream media.
DC's extended storylines in which Superman was killed , Batman was crippled and superhero Green Lantern turned into the supervillain Parallax resulted in dramatically increased sales, but the increases were as temporary as the hero's replacements. Sales dropped off as the industry went into a major slump, while manufactured "collectables" numbering in the millions replaced quality with quantity until fans and speculators alike deserted the medium in droves. DC's Piranha Press and other imprints including the mature readers line Vertigo , and Helix , a short-lived science fiction imprint were introduced to facilitate compartmentalized diversification and allow for specialized marketing of individual product lines.
They increased the use of non-traditional contractual arrangements, including the dramatic rise of creator-owned projects, leading to a significant increase in critically lauded work much of it for Vertigo and the licensing of material from other companies. DC also increased publication of book-store friendly formats, including trade paperback collections of individual serial comics, as well as original graphic novels. One of the other imprints was Impact Comics from to in which the Archie Comics superheroes were licensed and revamped. DC entered into a publishing agreement with Milestone Media that gave DC a line of comics featuring a culturally and racially diverse range of superhero characters.
Although the Milestone line ceased publication after a few years, it yielded the popular animated series Static Shock. In , DC purchased WildStorm Comics, Jim Lee 's imprint under the Image Comics banner, continuing it for many years as a wholly separate imprint — and fictional universe — with its own style and audience. In March DC acquired publishing and merchandising rights to the long-running fantasy series Elfquest , previously self-published by creators Wendy and Richard Pini under their WaRP Graphics publication banner. Agents , in collection into DC Archive Editions.
It also rebranded its younger-audience titles with the mascot Johnny DC and established the CMX imprint to reprint translated manga. DC also took advantage of the demise of Kitchen Sink Press and acquired the rights to much of the work of Will Eisner , such as his The Spirit series and his graphic novels. In , DC began laying the groundwork for a full continuity-reshuffling sequel to Crisis on Infinite Earths , promising substantial changes to the DC Universe and side-stepping the Zero Hour event which similarly tried to ret-con the history of the DCU.
In , the critically lauded Batman Begins film was released; also, the company published several limited series establishing increasingly escalated conflicts among DC's heroes, with events climaxing in the Infinite Crisis limited series. Immediately after this event, DC's ongoing series jumped forward a full year in their in-story continuity, as DC launched a weekly series, 52 , to gradually fill in the missing time. Concurrently, DC lost the copyright to "Superboy" while retaining the trademark when the heirs of Jerry Siegel used a provision of the revision to the copyright law to regain ownership. In , DC launched its " All-Star " line evoking the title of the s publication , designed to feature some of the company's best-known characters in stories that eschewed the long and convoluted continuity of the DC Universe.
In , DC rebooted all of its running titles following the Flashpoint storyline. The reboot called The New 52 gave new origin stories and costume designs to many of DC's characters. DC licensed pulp characters including Doc Savage and the Spirit which it then used, along with some DC heroes, as part of the First Wave comics line launched in and lasting through fall In May , DC announced it would begin releasing digital versions of their comics on the same day as paper versions. On June 1, , DC announced that it would end all ongoing series set in the DC Universe in August and relaunch its comic line with 52 issue 1s, starting with Justice League on August 31 written by Geoff Johns and drawn by Jim Lee , with the rest to follow later on in September.
DC 2 layers dynamic artwork onto digital comic panels, adding a new level of dimension to digital storytelling, while DC 2 Multiverse allows readers to determine a specific story outcome by selecting individual characters, storylines and plot developments while reading the comic, meaning one digital comic has multiple outcomes. DC 2 will first appear in the upcoming digital-first title, Batman '66 , based on the s television series and DC 2 Multiverse will first appear in Batman: Arkham Origins , a digital-first title based on the video game of the same name.
In , DC announced an eight-issue miniseries titled Convergence which began in April After that, many new series would launch with a twice-monthly release schedule and new creative teams for nearly every title. The relaunch was meant to bring back the legacy and heart many felt had been missing from DC characters since the launch of the New Rebirth brought huge success, both financially and critically. In January it was reported that 7 of the DC's person workforce were laid off, including several vice presidents.
The company did not give a reason for the move, nor did it indicate whether it was his decision or the company's. The leadership change was the latest event in the company restructuring which began the previous month, as several top executives were laid off from the company. On June , Warner Bros. Known as DC FanDome , the free "immersive virtual fan experience" was a hour-long event held on August 22, As Warner Bros. The convention also returned for the virtual premiere of Wonder Woman  and will once again return on October 16, In August , roughly one-third of DC's editorial ranks were laid off, including the editor-in-chief, senior story editor, executive editor, and several senior VPs. After the events of the Dark Nights: Death Metal storyline, the DC Multiverse was expanded into a larger "Omniverse" where everything is canon, effectively reversing the changes The New 52 introduced a decade prior.
DC Entertainment, Inc. In September , Warner Bros. Burbank, California, headquarters in The other units, animation, movie, TV and portfolio planning, had preceded DC Comics by moving there in DC Entertainment announced its first franchise, the DC Super Hero Girls universe, in April with multi-platform content, toys and apparel to start appearing in Warner Bros. Pictures reorganized in May to have genre responsible film executives, thus DC Entertainment franchise films under Warner Bros. This was done in the same vein as Marvel Studios in unifying DC-related filmmaking under a single vision and clarifying the greenlighting process.
Johns also kept his existing role at DC Comics. DC Entertainment and Warner Bros. Digital Networks announced in April DC Universe digital service to be launched in with two original series. With frustration over DC Films not matching Marvel Studios ' results and Berg wanting to step back to being a producer in January , it was announced that Warner Bros. Speaking to the community aspect of DC Universe, as well as the ability to access the backlog of comics titles, Lee said "there is always going to be a need for that" and that DC was looking at ways to transform the platform so that content would not go away.
In September , DC announced that the service would change its name to DC Universe Infinite and become solely a digital comics subscription service on January 21, The service would offer currently published DC Comics titles six months after their retail release date before the change, current comics would arrive a year after their release date , early access to DC Comics' digital first titles, would feature exclusive comics created for the service, and access to 24, titles in DC's back catalog. DC's first logo appeared on the April issues of its titles. The small logo, with no background, read simply, "A DC Publication".
The November DC titles introduced an updated logo. This version was almost twice the size of the previous one and was the first version with a white background. This logo was the first to occupy the top-left corner of the cover, where the logo has usually resided since. The company now referred to itself in its advertising as "Superman-DC". In November , the logo was modified to incorporate the company's formal name, National Comics Publications. In October , DC briefly retired the circular logo in favour of a simple "DC" in a rectangle with the name of the title, or the star of the book; the logo on many issues of Action Comics , for example, read "DC Superman".
An image of the lead character either appeared above or below the rectangle. For books that did not have a single star, such as anthologies like House of Mystery or team series such as Justice League of America , the title and "DC" appeared in a stylized logo, such as a bat for "House of Mystery". This use of characters as logos helped to establish the likenesses as trademarks, and was similar to Marvel's contemporaneous use of characters as part of its cover branding.
DC's " Page Super-Spectacular" titles and later page and "Giant" issues published from to featured a logo exclusive to these editions: the letters "DC" in a simple sans-serif typeface within a circle. A variant had the letters in a square. The July DC titles featured a new circular logo. The letters "DC" were rendered in a block-like typeface that remained through later logo revisions until The title of the book usually appeared inside the circle, either above or below the letters. In December , this logo was modified with the addition of the words "The Line of DC Super-Stars" and the star motif that continued in later logos.
This logo was placed in the top center of the cover from August to October When Jenette Kahn became DC's publisher in late , she commissioned graphic designer Milton Glaser to design a new logo. Popularly referred to as the "DC bullet", this logo premiered on the February titles. Although it varied in size and colour and was at times cropped by the edges of the cover, or briefly rotated 4 degrees, it remained essentially unchanged for nearly three decades. The company released these variants to newsstands in certain markets as a marketing test.
In addition to comics, it was designed for DC properties in other media, which was used for movies since Batman Begins , with Superman Returns showing the logo's normal variant, and the TV series Smallville , the animated series Justice League Unlimited and others, as well as for collectibles and other merchandise. It was announced in April ,  with the title and service formally announced in May DC Universe offered video content, fan interaction, comics, and television.
In January , the service relaunched as DC Universe Infinite , a completely comic-centric platform, comparable to Marvel Unlimited , offering DC's entire back catalog of comics, as well as new titles sixth months after their on-sale date. Paid services: Google Play , ComiXology . Irwin said he never played golf with Goodman, so the story is untrue. I heard this story more than a couple of times while sitting in the lunchroom at DC's Third Avenue and 75 Rockefeller Plaza office as Sol Harrison and [production chief] Jack Adler were schmoozing with some of us As the distributor of DC Comics, this man certainly knew all the sales figures and was in the best position to tell this tidbit to Goodman.
Of course, Goodman would want to be playing golf with this fellow and be in his good graces Sol worked closely with Independent News' top management over the decades and would have gotten this story straight from the horse's mouth. Goodman, a publishing trend-follower aware of the JLA's strong sales, confirmably directed his comics editor, Stan Lee , to create a comic-book series about a team of superheroes. According to Lee: "Martin mentioned that he had noticed one of the titles published by National Comics seemed to be selling better than most. It was a book called The [ sic ] Justice League of America and it was composed of a team of superheroes.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 7 October American comic book publisher, a subsidiary of Warner Bros. This article is about the US publisher of comics. For the Scottish publisher of comics and newspapers, see DC Thomson. Superhero Fantasy Science fiction Action Adventure. American comic books such as Action Comics 1 and Detective Comics 27 introduced two well known superheroes to life: Superman and Batman. Action Comics No. Main article: Silver Age of Comic Books. Main article: Bronze Age of Comic Books. Main article: Modern Age of Comic Books. It is not to be confused with DIC Entertainment. Burbank , California. Pam Lifford President, Warner Bros. This section may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may interest only a particular audience.
Please help by spinning off or relocating any relevant information, and removing excessive detail that may be against Wikipedia's inclusion policy. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: List of DC Comics imprints. However, film producer and comics historian Michael Uslan partly debunked the story in a letter published in Alter Ego No. The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 6, Retrieved August 13, Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on September 13, Retrieved September 11, DC Entertainment. May 5, Archived from the original on May 13, Retrieved May 11, We Got This Covered. Retrieved Archived September 21, , at the Wayback Machine Hoovers. Retrieved October 18, Archived from the original on August 2, Retrieved July 11, Archived from the original on June 30, Archived from the original on January 23, Retrieved January 23, Share of Overall Units—Marvel Archived from the original on October 10, Retrieved October 10, April 16, Retrieved February 22, Contemporary Press.
ISBN Dallas, Texas: Taylor Publishing. Crain's New York Business. Associated Press. February 22, Archived from the original on March 11, London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. The Comics Journal. Retrieved April 3, Retrieved February 23, Dallas: Taylor Publishing Company. ISBN X. Retrieved January 15, Trending News Buzz. Superman's runaway popularity as part of Action Comics earned him his own comic. This was a real breakthrough for the time, as characters introduced in comic books had never before been so successful as to warrant their own titles. TwoMorrows Publishing. Retrieved July 17, March 15, Superman : the Golden age dailies — Quality Companion, The.
Retrieved March 28, The New York Times. September 23, Retrieved July 23, It was just a year ago that some rather surprising news was announced to the world about a venerable American institution. The announcement said that Superman had gone public. Retrieved December 18, Retrieved June 11, Back Issue! Archived from the original on October 11, Retrieved May 15, Graphic NYC. Don Markstein's Toonopedia. November 17, Retrieved August 10, Kirby : King of Comics.
New York City: Abrams. Retrieved January 20, Archived from the original on February 4, Retrieved March 5, August 30, Archived from the original on November 18, Comic Vine. Archived from the original on July 15, March 26, Archived from the original on April 7, Archived from the original on December 2, Retrieved August 15, Archived from the original on April 13, Retrieved April 18, Archived from the original on August 30, Archived from the original on July 6, Retrieved May 23, December 24, Archived from the original on August 29, Retrieved September 26, Bleeding Cool.
Archived from the original on October 29, Retrieved May 22, Archived from the original on June 28, Retrieved May 31, USA Today. Archived from the original on March 2, Miller and Son , published a number of black-and-white reprints of American comic books, including the Captain Marvel series. With the outcome of the National v. Fawcett lawsuit, L.
Miller and Son found their supply of Captain Marvel material abruptly cut off. They requested the help of a British comic writer, Mick Anglo , who created a thinly disguised version of the superhero called Marvelman. The magic word "Shazam! The new characters took over the numbering of the original Captain Marvel's United Kingdom series with issue number Marvelman ceased publication in , but the character was revived in by writer Alan Moore in the pages of Warrior Magazine.
Beginning in , Moore's black-and-white serialized adventures were reprinted in color by Eclipse Comics under the new title Miracleman as Marvel Comics objected to the use of "Marvel" in the title , and continued publication in the United States after Warrior ' s demise. In , Marvel Comics obtained the rights to the original s Marvelman characters and stories, and later purchased the rights to the s version and those reprints in In , M.
Enterprises produced their own Captain Marvel: an android superhero from another planet whose main characteristic was the ability to split his body into several parts, each of which could move on its own. He triggered the separation by shouting "Split! This short-lived Captain Marvel was credited in the comic as being "based on a character created by Carl Burgos ".
However, on the legal advice of his friend and publishing mentor Martin L. Greim he decided that rather than risk legal trouble with Fawcett Publications to destroy the entire print run except for two copies he saved for his files. Black then rewrote the story using his own newly created hero Captain Paragon. When superhero comics became popular again in the mids in what is now called the " Silver Age of Comic Books ", Fawcett was unable to revive Captain Marvel, having agreed to never publish the character again as part of their settlement.
The Shazam! It contained both new stories and reprints from the s and s. Dennis O'Neil was the primary writer of the book. Maggin and E. Nelson Bridwell. Beck drew stories for the first 10 issues of the book before quitting due to creative differences. Bob Oksner and Fawcett alumnus Kurt Schaffenberger were among the later artists of the title. Beck said, "As an illustrator, I could, in the old days, make a good story better by bringing it to life with drawings. But I couldn't bring the new [Captain Marvel] stories to life no matter how hard I tried". When World's Finest Comics reverted to the standard 36 pages, leftover Shazam! The remaining 11 issues of that run contained reprints, with Shazam!
Outside of their regular series and features, the Marvel Family characters also appeared as guest stars in the Justice League of America series, in particular issues — vol. As All-Star Squadron was set during World War II, several events of the comic fell concurrent with and referenced the events of the original earlys Fawcett stories. DeMatteis ' relaunch of that title. That same year spinning off from Legends , he was given his own miniseries titled Shazam! The most notable change that the Thomases, Giffen, and DeMatteis introduced into the Captain Marvel mythos was that the personality of young Billy Batson is retained when he transforms into the Captain. This change would remain for most future uses of the character as justification for his sunny, Golden-Age personality in the darker modern-day comic book world, instead of the traditional depiction used prior to , which tended to treat Captain Marvel and Billy as two separate personalities.
This revised version of Captain Marvel also appeared in one story arc featured in the short-lived anthology Action Comics Weekly — October 25, — November 15, , in which a Neo-Nazi version of Captain Nazi was introduced. Other attempts at reviving Shazam! In , Jerry Ordway was given the Shazam! Power of Shazam! Ordway's story more closely followed Captain Marvel's Fawcett origins, with only slight additions and changes. The graphic novel was a critically acclaimed success, leading to a Power of Shazam!
Set 20 years in the future, Kingdom Come features a brainwashed Captain Marvel playing a major role in the story as a mind-controlled pawn of an elderly Lex Luthor. In , Captain Marvel starred in an oversized special graphic novel, Shazam! Since the cancellation of the Power of Shazam! Goyer 's JSA series, which depicted the latest adventures of the world's first superhero team, the Justice Society of America , with Captain Marvel also briefly joining the team to keep an eye on his old nemesis. In the Day of Vengeance miniseries, which preceded the Infinite Crisis event, the wizard Shazam is killed by the Spectre , and Captain Marvel assumes the wizard's place in the Rock of Eternity. The Marvel Family made a handful of guest appearances in the year-long weekly maxi-series 52 , which featured Black Adam as one of its main characters.
The Marvel Family appeared frequently in the issue bimonthly painted Justice maxi-series by Alex Ross , Jim Krueger , and Doug Braithwaite , published from to The Trials of Shazam! The series redefined the Shazam! Trials of Shazam! In the pages of the — Countdown to Final Crisis limited series, Black Adam gives the powerless Mary Batson his powers, turning her into a more aggressive super-powered figure, less upstanding than the old Mary Marvel. A three-issue arc in Justice Society of America vol. Adam and Isis recruit the now-evil Mary Marvel to help them in the ensuing fight against a now-powerless Billy Batson and the Justice Society.
Freddy would eventually have his powers stolen by Osiris in Titans vol. One of these relaunched series, Justice League vol. As part of the redesign, Captain Marvel received a new costume designed by Frank with a long cloak and hood. Johns and Frank's reboot was met with both acclaim and criticism,   and the renaming of the hero as Shazam brought mixed reactions. New takes on the classic Fawcett versions of Captain Marvel and the Marvel Family appeared in Grant Morrison 's miniseries The Multiversity which takes place on the parallel world of Earth-5  and in a spin-off to the Convergence crossover event, Convergence: Shazam!
Batson returns to attempt to re-connect with his son. The first issue, featuring a manga backup story focused on Mary and her pet rabbit Hoppy by Johns and Shazam! Whiz Comics 2 Feb. A mysterious man in a green cloak asks Billy to follow him into the subway station. A magic subway car painted in unusual shapes and colors escorts them to an underground throne room, which is inhabited by a very old man with a long beard and a white robe. As the man in green disappears, the old man on the throne explains to Billy that he is the wizard Shazam, and has used the powers of "the gods"— S olomon , H ercules , A tlas , Z eus , A chilles , and M ercury , hence the name "Shazam"—to fight evil for over 3, years. However, he has now grown too old to continue and is in need of a successor.
The wizard explains that Billy was chosen due to his misfortune: he had been thrown out by a greedy uncle who stole his inheritance following the deaths of his parents later retellings of the origin would also note that Billy was chosen for being "pure of heart". Captain Marvel's first battle was with the mad scientist Doctor Sivana , who becomes Captain Marvel's arch-enemy.
While the majority of Billy's adventures feature him as a solo hero, he also fought evil on a regular basis accompanied by several other kids who share his powers to make up a superhero team called the Marvel Family later referred to as the Shazam Family due to the issues DC Comics faced over the "Marvel" and "Captain Marvel" trademarks. The first members of the family, introduced in Whiz Comics 21 Sept. In Whiz Comics 25 Dec. Unlike Billy, Freddy retains his year-old appearance as a superhero. The basic elements of Billy Batson's and Captain Marvel's origin story remained more or less intact through , with minor alterations over the years. The New Beginning had a year-old Billy being forced to move in with Doctor Sivana, who in this version is the cruel uncle who throws Billy out into the street.
In his new origin story, Billy Batson is a moody and troubled year-old foster child living in Philadelphia who has gone through several foster homes. Sivana unleashes the ancient magical warrior Black Adam from his tomb,  the Wizard of the Rock of Eternity—the last of a council of beings who once controlled magic—begins abducting candidates to assess them for the job of being his champion. He dismisses each of them for not being pure of heart. Eventually, the Wizard summons Billy, who is another unsuitable candidate, but Billy persuades the Wizard that perfectly good people "really don't exist," and that, while he himself tried to be good, the world dragged Billy down to its level.
In desperation and seeing the "embers of good" within Billy, the dying Wizard passes on his powers and teaches Billy they can be accessed through the magic word "Shazam" when spoken with good intentions. After saying the magic word, Billy is struck by a bolt of lightning which transforms him into Shazam, a super-powered adult possessing super-strength, flight, and vast magical powers. The Wizard dies and Shazam is transported back to Earth, where Billy reveals his new secret to Freddy.
The two scheme to make money and score beer with Shazam's new powers, but Shazam is instead led to crime scenes where he is needed as a hero. Shazam and Freddy have a falling out when Shazam refuses to change back into Billy, and as soon as Freddy heads back home, Shazam is attacked by Black Adam. When Adam again attacks, unleashing the Seven Deadly Sins on downtown Philadelphia and threatening to kill the other kids, Billy shares his powers with them, who all become magic-powered adult superheroes except for Darla, who remains a child.
Shazam's entry into the country is interpreted by the locals as illegal US entry into their territory. While exploring the Rock of Eternity, Eugene finds a formerly sealed-off area of the Rock: an abandoned train station leading to the seven realms of an unexplored world known as the Magic Lands. While normally having no special abilities in his human persona as Billy Batson, once he says the magic word " Shazam! Billy is also able to share his powers with others. In classic stories, simply saying the word "Shazam! In several stories, he is shown to be susceptible to high-powered magic,  which can weaken or de-power him,  and, in some older stories, to significantly high voltages of lightning or electricity, which would make him revert to Billy Batson form.
Jerry Ordway's s The Power of Shazam! In the late s, when Billy replaced the wizard and took on a white costume and the name of "Marvel", he commanded the various magical abilities once possessed by the wizard. However, he was also required to remain on the Rock of Eternity and could only be away from it for 24 hours at a time. Since the reboot, Shazam's powers have been slightly altered. Speaking the magic word "Shazam" does not cause a transformation if Billy does not want it to, and can be used to cast magic spells other than the transformation. In , during the "Darkseid War" story arc in the Justice League comic book, several members of the Justice League were infused with the powers of the gods in the wake of Darkseid 's death.
Shazam became the God of the Gods, and his powers were temporarily changed to those of six old gods:. Captain Thunder, whose name was derived from Captain Marvel's original moniker, was a thinly veiled pastiche of Marvel—down to his similar costume, his young alter ego named "Willie Fawcett" a reference to Fawcett Comics , and a magic word "Thunder! He got his power from rubbing a magic belt buckle with a thunder symbol on it and saying "Thunder". Superman held him while he used his wisdom to escape the effects of the spell. Maggin and illustrated by Curt Swan and Bob Oskner. At the time of its publication, DC had been printing Shazam! A flashback to the older Justice Society features the traditional Caucasian Captain Marvel, leading to the conclusion that there were two Captain Marvels.
An adult Billy Batson becomes obsessed with Wonder Woman when they become part of a small community of survivors of the holocaust, with most of the surviving superhumans having lost their powers or dealing with altered abilities. When the now-powerless Clark Kent joins their community, starting a relationship with Wonder Woman that includes them having a child together, Batson's resentment of Superman becomes insanity, as he provokes his transformation into Captain Marvel despite use of this power causing damage to Earth. In the dark alternate future shown in Frank Miller 's — comic miniseries The Dark Knight Strikes Again , Captain Marvel is visibly aged, with receding white hair and glasses. Lex Luthor, who has captured Mary Marvel, coerces him into working for him by threatening to kill her.
During an alien attack on Metropolis , Marvel is trapped underneath a collapsing building with no way out, and admits that Billy Batson—here, clearly defined as a separate person from Marvel, rather than simply transforming into him—died eight years ago of unspecified health problems. As a result, when he next speaks his word, he will cease to exist. His last words to Wonder Woman are to give everyone his best, noting that it was nice existing, before he calls down his lightning and destroys himself. In this version, Billy Batson is an adult who now matches the appearance of his superhero identity.
The human hostility towards superheroes has made him uneasy, and he has not transformed into Captain Marvel for several years. Batson has become the brainwashed servant of Lex Luthor, who uses Mister Mind's mind-controlling worm offspring to keep him in check and bend him to his will. Nevertheless, Batson's potential as a being powerful enough to rival Superman causes many others to react in fear and unease when he mingles with them, believing it is a non-costumed Captain Marvel that serves Luthor.
Events finally cause him to transform into Captain Marvel, and he unleashes a force that could destroy the world. When the authorities try to stop it by dropping a nuclear bomb, Captain Marvel—spurred by Superman telling him that due to his ties to both humanity and the superhuman community, he is the only one capable of choosing which one to save—intercepts the bomb and summons his lightning to detonate it while it is still airborne, sacrificing himself to save as many lives as possible, both human and metahuman.
The nuclear blast still kills a large number of heroes, but does cool the war-like attitudes of the survivors. Superman uses Marvel's cape as the symbol of a new world order in which humans and superhumans will now live in harmony. In 52 52 May 2, , a new Multiverse is revealed, originally consisting of 52 identical realities, one of which is designated Earth As a result of Marvel Family foe Mister Mind "eating" aspects of this reality, it takes on visual aspects similar to the pre-Crisis Earth-S, including the Marvel Family characters. The Earth-5 Captain Marvel reappeared in Final Crisis 7, along with an army of Supermen from across the Multiverse to prevent its destruction by Darkseid.
A one-shot alternate take on Shazam! Lee reimagined the original Shazam! Teamed with the beautiful, and much tougher, fellow agent, Carla Noral, the two of them are in India searching for the megalomaniac master criminal Gunga Kahn. Rogers is given the ability to transform into a large, winged being by saying the magic word "Shazam! Beck character. In a backup story plotted by Michael Uslan, scripted by Lee and Uslan, and drawn by Kano, an orphaned American boy in India at the same time as the adventures of Shazam heroically saves a village from starvation with the help of a local boy named Zubin Navotny.
The boy's name is Billy Marvel, and he and Zubin are made honorary captains in the U. A Captain Marvel miniseries, Shazam! Smith's Shazam! Following the lead and continuity of Smith's Monster Society of Evil miniseries, it was initially written and drawn by Mike Kunkel , creator of Herobear. Little is revealed about her, other than the fact that her civilian name is Sahar Shazeen, and she is shown wielding a pair of swords during battle. The Flashpoint comics miniseries, written by Geoff Johns with art by Andy Kubert , featured an alternate timeline accidentally created by the Flash , who then helped the heroes of this timeline to restore history. One of those heroes is Captain Thunder—an alternative version of Captain Marvel who has six alter-egos, rather than one, and a scarred face as the result of a fight with Wonder Woman , who in this timeline is a villain.
The six children, collectively known as "S. Pedro's pet tiger Tawny also transforms into a more powerful version of himself via the magic lightning. The six children later transform into Captain Thunder to help Flash and his allies stop the war between Aquaman 's Atlantean army and Wonder Woman's Amazonian forces. Captain Thunder briefly fights Wonder Woman to a draw before being transformed back into the six children by Flash's accomplice Enchantress , who is revealed to be a traitor. After the conclusion of the miniseries, the three new children from the Flashpoint timeline—Eugene, Pedro, and Darla—were incorporated into the DC Universe via the Shazam!
Mazahs is a corrupted alternate-universe version of Shazam, introduced in the —14 Forever Evil DC Comics crossover event series written by Geoff Johns. He is the super-powered alter-ego of Alexander Luthor of Earth Prime Earth's Lex Luthor and his team sneak in to the Justice League Watchtower where the Syndicate has Alexander hostage, and remove the duct tape over his mouth, allowing Alexander to speak the magic word "Mazahs! While Prime Earth's Shazam is known for sharing his powers with others, Mazahs kills other superbeings and takes their powers for his own, as when he kills the Syndicate's speedster Johnny Quick.
She also reveals she is carrying his child, who is prophesied to bring an end to the world. Exploiting his ability to use the powers of those he has killed, Mazahs easily takes down both the Syndicate and Luthor's team, but Prime Earth Lex Luthor having the same voice as Mazahs manages to call down the lightning, using a lightning-rod that Batman had retrieved to try and use against Johnny Quick based on his planned defense against the Flash, and transform Mazahs into his human form. Sealing Alexander's mouth, Lex stabs him with a knife, killing him. Superwoman later gives birth to Mazahs's child in Justice League 50, and uses the baby's power-stealing abilities—inherited from his father and by her using his magic word—to remove abilities the members the Prime-Earth Justice League had inherited from their time on Apokolips after the death of Darkseid.
The story ends with the orphaned baby having absorbed both the Omega Effect from Lex Luthor as well as the Anti-Life Equation from Justice League associate Steve Trevor , transforming him into a resurrected—yet still infantile—Darkseid. In the prequel comic to the video game Injustice: Gods Among Us , Shazam joins Superman's Regime in establishing a new approach to ending crime. Similar to the Golden Age version, this Shazam is suggested to have two personalities: Billy Batson is a separate person from Shazam. In Year One he, like the Flash, is somewhat skeptical of Superman's intentions, as his actions are often immoral.
Ultimately, Shazam decides to stay and support the Regime, devoted to its cause. He becomes the object of Harley Quinn's affection, being bound and gagged by her in Year Four. Eventually, Zeus is forced to return Billy's power after the Highfather of New Genesis intervenes in the conflict. In Year Five, Shazam's relationship with Harley is complicated when she confronts him about being in the Regime despite their growing tyranny.
On May 27, , it was announced that cartoonist Yehudi Mercado would write and draw a middle-grade graphic novel titled Shazam! Thundercrack , which will take place within the storyline of the Shazam! It is set for both online and print release on June 7, In the traditional Shazam! Billy also had his own love interest named Cissie Sommerly ; she was Billy's girlfriend and Sterling Morris' niece, having a recurring role in Billy's life. In the early Fawcett stories, Billy Batson and Captain Marvel had a sidekick named Steamboat , an African-American valet character who was removed from the comics by because of protests over racial stereotyping.
Tawky Tawny , an anthropomorphic talking tiger who works as a museum curator. Tawny was initially depicted as a magically-charged zoo tiger in the Justice League backup stories. In the —present ongoing Shazam! The Marvel Family's other non-powered allies have traditionally included Dr. The New 52 reboot of Shazam! Many of the character's appearances have been collected into several volumes :. The edition includes all of the issues from the previous collection plus Kingdom Come 1 and 4, The Power of Shazam! ISBN Re-released in as the Shazam!
The first filmed adaptation of Captain Marvel was produced in This production made Captain Marvel the first superhero to be depicted in film. The Adventures of Captain Marvel for which the man-in-flight effects techniques were originally developed for a Superman film serial that Republic never produced  predated Fleischer Studios ' Superman cartoons by six months. The storyline has Carson as an ice cream vendor who also belongs to a home-grown Captain Marvel Club with some of the kids in the neighborhood.
Following DC's acquisition of the property, development of a Shazam! The project remained in development through New Line's absorption into Warner Bros. Pictures in Directed by David F. Cotrona as Super Hero Pedro. Fury of the Gods , is in development, with the cast, Sandberg, and Gayden set to return. Captain Marvel first came to television in Filmation produced Shazam! Instead of directly following the lead of the comics, the Shazam! Shortly after the Shazam! Although Captain Marvel did not appear in Hanna-Barbera's long-running concurrent Saturday morning cartoon series Super Friends which featured many of the other DC superheroes , he did appear in some of the merchandise associated with the show.
Filmation revisited the character three years later for an animated Shazam! The rest of the Marvel Family joined Captain Marvel on his adventures in this series, which were more similar to his comic-book adventures than the s TV show. Sivana, Mr. Mind, Black Adam, and other familiar Captain Marvel foes appeared as enemies. Billy has a non-speaking cameo in the Superman: The Animated Series episode "Obsession", while live actors portraying Captain Marvel make "cameo" appearances in both a dream-sequence within an episode of The Drew Carey Show , and in the Beastie Boys ' music video for "Alive". According to Boyar's faint memories in a interview, the show was initially produced in New York but after about a month relocated to Chicago; no further details about the show or transcripts of it survived.
Existence of the show was confirmed by historian Jim Harmon via recollections of old-time radio fans who recalled hearing it during original broadcasts, plus locating period program listings. In , C. Beck and writer Rod Reed prepared seven sample installments of a comic strip, but syndicates expressed no interest in it. Reed suspected that the DC lawsuit was the syndicates' reason, for fear of becoming parties in the ongoing litigation. Captain Marvel's adventures have contributed a number of elements to both comic book culture and pop culture in general.
The most notable contribution is the regular use of Superman and Captain Marvel as adversaries in Modern Age comic book stories. The two are often portrayed as equally matched and, while Marvel does not possess Superman's heat vision , X-ray vision or superhuman breath powers, the magic-based nature of his own powers are a weakness for Superman. Superduperman, endowed with muscles on muscles, does battle with Captain Marbles, a Captain Marvel caricature.
In contrast to Captain Marvel's perceived innocence and goodness, Marbles is greedy and money-grubbing, and a master criminal. Superduperman defeats Marbles by tricking him into hitting himself. While publishing its Shazam! He apparently battles against a Monster League, who cast a spell to make him evil, but Superman helps him break free. It is in this story that Superman and Captain Marvel first meet, albeit briefly.
King Kull has caused Superman to go mad using red kryptonite , compelling Marvel to battle him at first and subsequently restore Superman's mind with the help of lightning. In Shazam! Sivana creates several steel creatures to destroy Pittsburgh's steel mills, after getting the idea from reading an issue of Action Comics. He finally creates a Superman robot made of a super-steel to destroy Captain Marvel. They both hit each other at the same moment, and the robot is destroyed. The television character Gomer Pyle is known for uttering the catchphrase "Shazam!
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American comic book superhero. Art by C. See also: National Comics Publications, Inc. Main article: Marvelman. Main article: Captain Marvel M. Main article: Captain Paragon. Cover to Shazam! Beck with Nick Cardy and Murphy Anderson. Main article: The Power of Shazam! Main article: The Trials of Shazam! See also: Marvel Family. Main articles: Shazam! Fury of the Gods. United States portal Television portal Animation portal Cartoon portal Film portal Comics portal Toys portal Speculative fiction portal s portal s portal s portal s portal. Grand Comics Database. Comics Archived from the original on June 14, Retrieved I've always felt that it was this origin story and concept that made Shazam instantly popular, to the point that it was outselling every comic on the stands for several years throughout the '40s.
The Museum of Comic Book Advertising. By the middle of the decade, Captain Marvel had received a self-titled comic book, Captain Marvel's Adventures [sic], which had a circulation that reached 1. Shazam's circulation numbers exceeded National's Superman title and the rivalry between the companies led National to sue Fawcett for plagiarism. Retrieved 11 September Retrieved 5 December While the main "Earth-0" version of the character was re-introduced as "Shazam! New York. OCLC Archived from the original on Note: External link consists of a forum site summing up the top characters of Wizard Magazine since the real site that contains the list is broken.
UGO Networks. Archived from the original on January 10, The Hembeck Files. Beck Hogan's Alley". Retrieved 24 October Fun Facts. Summer Serials Review. Archived from the original PDF on In , the best-selling comic book title Captain Marvel Adventures sold more than fourteen million copies for the year. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. Austin Chronicle. Hero gets girl! Raleigh, N.
Circuit JudgeThe Origins Of DC Comics the time of Hazing And Harassment publication, DC had The Origins Of DC Comics printing Shazam! Superman Wonder Woman. From the Mind of Neil Gaiman. Retrieved December 23,