✍️✍️✍️ Comparing Snow Glass And Apples

Wednesday, June 23, 2021 3:10:26 PM

Comparing Snow Glass And Apples

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Snow Glass Apples by Neil Gaiman and Colleen Doran

Attaining basic medical supplies and care becomes increasingly difficult. Preventable diseases can quickly become epidemic given the medical conditions during war. Many developing countries rely on foreign aid for basic nutrition. Transport of aid becomes significantly more difficult in times of war. In most situations the average weight of a population will drop substantially. During the Yugoslav Wars in Bosnia the number of premature babies born increased and the average birth weight decreased. There have been several instances in recent years of systematic rape as a weapon of war. Women who become pregnant as a result of war rape face even more significant challenges in bearing a healthy child.

Studies suggest that women who experience sexual violence before or during pregnancy are more likely to experience infant death in their children. Many women who became pregnant by rape in Bosnia were isolated from their hometowns making life after childbirth exponentially more difficult. High rates of infant mortality occur in developing countries where financial and material resources are scarce and there is a high tolerance to high number of infant deaths. There are circumstances where a number of developing countries to breed a culture where situations of infant mortality such as favoring male babies over female babies are the norm.

Another cultural reason for infant mortality, such as what is happening in Ghana, is that "besides the obvious, like rutted roads, there are prejudices against wives or newborns leaving the house. Cultural influences and lifestyle habits in the United States can account for some deaths in infants throughout the years. According to the Journal of the American Medical Association "the post neonatal mortality risk 28 to days was highest among continental Puerto Ricans" compared to babies of the non-Hispanic race. Examples of this include teenage pregnancy, obesity, diabetes and smoking. All are possible causes of premature births, which constitute the second highest cause of infant mortality.

Historically, males have had higher infant mortality rates than females. The difference between male and female infant mortality rates have been dependent on environmental, social, and economic conditions. More specifically, males are biologically more vulnerable to infections and conditions associated with prematurity and development. Before , the reasons for male infant mortality were due to infections, and chronic degenerative diseases. However, since , certain cultures emphasizing males has led to a decrease in the infant mortality gap between males and females. Also, medical advances have resulted in a growing number of male infants surviving at higher rates than females due to the initial high infant mortality rate of males.

Genetic components results in newborn females being biologically advantaged when it comes to surviving their first birthday. Males, biologically, have lower chances of surviving infancy in comparison to female babies. As infant mortality rates saw a decrease on a global scale, the gender most affected by infant mortality changed from males experiences a biological disadvantage, to females facing a societal disadvantage.

A country's ethnic composition, homogeneous versus heterogeneous, can explain social attitudes and practices. Heterogeneous level is a strong predictor in explaining infant mortality. Birth spacing is the time between births. Births spaced at least three years apart from one another are associated with the lowest rate of mortality. The longer the interval between births, the lower the risk for having any birthing complications, and infant, childhood and maternal mortality. Unplanned pregnancies and birth intervals of less than twenty-four months are known to correlate with low birth weights and delivery complications.

Also, women who are already small in stature tend to deliver smaller than average babies, perpetuating a cycle of being underweight. To reduce infant mortality rates across the world, health practitioners, governments, and non-governmental organizations have worked to create institutions, programs and policies to generate better health outcomes. Current efforts focus on development of human resources, strengthening health information systems, health services delivery, etc. Improvements in such areas aim to increase regional health systems and aided in efforts to reduce mortality rates. Reductions in infant mortality are possible in any stage of a country's development. Governments can reduce the mortality rates by addressing the combined need for education such as universal primary education , nutrition, and access to basic maternal and infant health services.

A policy focus has the potential to aid those most at risk for infant and childhood mortality allows rural, poor and migrant populations. Reducing chances of babies being born at low birth weights and contracting pneumonia can be accomplished by improving air quality. Improving hygiene can prevent infant mortality. Overall, women's health status need to remain high. Promoting behavioral changes , such as hand washing with soap, can significantly reduce the rate of infant mortality from respiratory and diarrheal diseases.

Focusing on preventing preterm and low birth weight deliveries throughout all populations can help to eliminate cases of infant mortality and decrease health care disparities within communities. In the United States, these two goals have decreased infant mortality rates on a regional population, it has yet to see further progress on a national level. Increasing human resources such as physicians , nurses , and other health professionals will increase the number of skilled attendants and the number of people able to give out immunized against diseases such as measles.

Increasing the number of skilled professionals is negatively correlated with maternal, infant, and childhood mortality. With the addition of one physician per 10, people, there is a potential for 7. In certain parts of the U. The BBZ uses the life course approach to address the structural causes of poor birth outcomes and toxic stress in three U. By employing community-generated solutions, the Best Babies Zone's ultimate goal is to achieve health equity in communities that are disproportionately impacted by infant death. When a woman becomes pregnant, certain steps can help to reduce the chance of complications during the pregnancy. Attending regular prenatal care check-ups will help improve the baby's chances of being delivered in safer conditions and surviving.

Abstinence from alcohol can also decrease the chances of harm to the fetus during pregnancy. Obese women are at an increased risk of developing complications during pregnancy, including gestational diabetes or pre-eclampsia. Additionally, they are more likely to experience a pre-term birth or have a child with birth defects. Appropriate nutrition for newborns and infants can help keep them healthy and avoid health complications during early childhood. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusively breastfeeding infants for the first 6 months of life, following by a combination of breastfeeding and other sources of food through the next 6 months of life, up to 1 year of age. The efficacy of these vaccinations can be seen immediately following their introduction to society.

As aforementioned in a previous section, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome is the leading cause of infant mortality for those 1 month of age to 1 year of age. It has been well documented that increased education among mothers, communities, and local health workers results in better family planning, improvement on children's health, and lower rates of children's deaths. Educational attainment and public health campaigns provide the knowledge and means to practice better habits and leads to better outcomes against infant mortality rates. Awareness of health services, education, and economic opportunities provide means to sustain and increase chance of development and survival.

A decrease on GPD, for example, results in increased rates of infant mortality. On the contrary, increased household income translates to more access to nutrients and healthcare, reducing the risks associated with malnutrition and infant mortality. The infant mortality rate correlates very strongly with, and is among the best predictors of, state failure. However, the method of calculating IMR often varies widely between countries and is based on how they define a live birth and how many premature infants are born in the country.

Reporting of infant mortality rates can be inconsistent, and may be understated, depending on a nation's live birth criterion, vital registration system, and reporting practices. Changes in the infant mortality rate reflect social and technical capacities [ clarification needed ] of a nation's population. France and Japan, only count as live births cases where an infant breathes at birth, which makes their reported IMR numbers somewhat lower and increases their rates of perinatal mortality. Although many countries have vital registration systems and certain reporting practices, there are many inaccuracies, particularly in undeveloped nations, in the statistics of the number of infants dying.

Studies have shown that comparing three information sources official registries, household surveys, and popular reporters that the "popular death reporters" are the most accurate. Popular death reporters include midwives, gravediggers, coffin builders, priests, and others—essentially people who knew the most about the child's death. In developing nations, access to vital registries, and other government-run systems which record births and deaths, is difficult for poor families for several reasons.

These struggles force stress on families [ clarification needed ] , and make them take drastic measures [ clarification needed ] in unofficial death ceremonies for their deceased infants. As a result, government statistics will inaccurately reflect a nation's infant mortality rate. UNICEF compiles infant mortality country estimates derived from all sources and methods of estimation obtained either from standard reports, direct estimation from micro data sets, or from UNICEF's yearly exercise.

In order to sort out differences between estimates produced from different sources, with different methods, UNICEF developed, in coordination with WHO, the WB and UNSD, an estimation methodology that minimizes the errors embodied in each estimate and harmonize trends along time. Since the estimates are not necessarily the exact values used as input for the model, they are often not recognized as the official IMR estimates used at the country level. However, as mentioned before, these estimates minimize errors and maximize the consistency of trends along time. Another challenge to comparability is the practice of counting frail or premature infants who die before the normal due date as miscarriages spontaneous abortions or those who die during or immediately after childbirth as stillborn.

Therefore, the quality of a country's documentation of perinatal mortality can matter greatly to the accuracy of its infant mortality statistics. This point is reinforced by the demographer Ansley Coale , who finds dubiously high ratios of reported stillbirths to infant deaths in Hong Kong and Japan in the first 24 hours after birth, a pattern that is consistent with the high recorded sex ratios at birth in those countries. It suggests not only that many female infants who die in the first 24 hours are misreported as stillbirths rather than infant deaths, but also that those countries do not follow WHO recommendations for the reporting of live births and infant deaths.

Another seemingly paradoxical finding, is that when countries with poor medical services introduce new medical centers and services, instead of declining, the reported IMRs often increase for a time. This is mainly because improvement in access to medical care is often accompanied by improvement in the registration of births and deaths. Deaths that might have occurred in a remote or rural area, and not been reported to the government, might now be reported by the new medical personnel or facilities.

Collecting the accurate statistics of infant mortality rate could be an issue in some rural communities in developing countries. In those communities, some other alternative methods for calculating infant mortality rate are emerged, for example, popular death reporting and household survey. Among the world's roughly nations, only Somalia showed no decrease in the under-5 mortality rate over the past two decades.

The lowest rate in was in Singapore, which had 2. The highest was in Sierra Leone, which had child deaths per 1, births. The global rate is 51 deaths per 1, births. For the United States, the rate is eight per 1, births. Infant mortality rate IMR is not only a group of statistic but instead it is a reflection of the socioeconomic development and effectively represents the presence of medical services in the countries. IMR is an effective resource for the health department to make decision on medical resources reallocation. IMR also formulates the global health strategies and help evaluate the program success. The existence of IMR helps solve the inadequacies of the other vital statistic systems for global health as most of the vital statistic systems usually neglect the infant mortality statistic number from the poor.

There are certain amounts of unrecorded infant deaths in the rural area as they do not have information about infant mortality rate statistic or do not have the concept about reporting early infant death. The exclusion of any high-risk infants from the denominator or numerator in reported IMRs can cause problems in making comparisons. Many countries, including the United States, Sweden and Germany, count an infant exhibiting any sign of life as alive, no matter the month of gestation or the size, but according to United States some other countries differ in these practices. All of the countries named adopted the WHO definitions in the late s or early s, [] which are used throughout the European Union.

Until the s, Russia and the Soviet Union did not count, as a live birth or as an infant death, extremely premature infants less than 1, g, less than 28 weeks gestational age, or less than 35 cm in length that were born alive breathed, had a heartbeat, or exhibited voluntary muscle movement but failed to survive for at least seven days. In certain rural developing areas, such as northeastern Brazil, infant births are often not recorded in the first place, resulting in the discrepancies between the infant mortality rate IMR and the actual number of infant deaths.

Access to vital registry systems for infant births and deaths is an extremely difficult and expensive task for poor parents living in rural areas. Government and bureaucracies tend to show an insensitivity to these parents and their recent suffering from a lost child and produce broad disclaimers in the IMR reports that the information has not been properly reported, resulting in these discrepancies. Little has been done to address the underlying structural problems of the vital registry systems in respect to the lack of reporting from parents in rural areas, and in turn has created a gap between the official and popular meanings of child death.

Vital death registries often fail to recognize the cultural implications and importance of infant deaths. It is not to be said that vital registry systems are not an accurate representation of a region's socio-economic situation, but this is only the case if these statistics are valid, which is unfortunately not always the circumstance. Many regions may benefit from "popular death reporters" who are culturally linked to infants may be able to provide more accurate statistics on the incidence of infant mortality.

One of these barriers are political economic decisions. Numbers are exaggerated when international funds are being doled out; and underestimated during reelection. The bureaucratic separation of vital death reporting and cultural death rituals stems in part due to structural violence. The negative financial aspects deters registration, as often individuals are of lower income and cannot afford such expenses. Financial constraints such as reliance on food supplementations may also lead to skewed infant mortality data. In developing countries such as Brazil the deaths of impoverished infants are regularly unrecorded into the countries vital registration system; this causes a skew statistically.

Culturally validity and contextual soundness can be used to ground the meaning of mortality from a statistical standpoint. In northeast Brazil they have accomplished this standpoint while conducting an ethnographic study combined with an alternative method to survey infant mortality. Political economic reasons have been seen to skew the infant mortality data in the past when governor Ceara devised his presidency campaign on reducing the infant mortality rate during his term in office. By using this new way of surveying, these instances can be minimized and removed, overall creating accurate and sound data. Also, while both LDCs and MDCs made significant reductions in IMR, reductions among less developed countries are, on average, much less than those among the more developed countries.

A factor of about 67 separate countries with the highest and lowest reported infant mortality rates. The top and bottom five countries by this measure taken from The World Factbook 's estimates [] are shown below. Of the 27 most developed countries, the U. The average IMR for the whole country is therefore not a fair representation of the wide variations that exist between segments of the population. Many theories have been explored as to why these racial differences exist with socio economic factors usually coming out as a reasonable explanation. However, more studies have been conducted around this matter, and the largest advancement is around the idea of stress and how it affects pregnancy.

In the s, the infant mortality rate in the United States was estimated at This declining rate has been mainly due to modern improvements in basic health care, technology, and medical advances. In , the leading causes of infant mortality in the United States were congenital anomalies, disorders related to immaturity, AIDS, and maternal complications. Babies born with low birth weight increased to 8. This reflected the amount of low birth weights concluding that In there was an Economic expenditures on labor and delivery and neonatal care are relatively high in the United States.

Aforementioned differences in measurement could play a substantial role in the disparity between the US and other nations. A non-viable live birth in the US could be registered as a stillbirth in similarly developed nations like Japan, Sweden, Norway, Ireland, the Netherlands, and France — thereby reducing the infant death count. The vast majority of research conducted in the late twentieth and early twenty-first century indicates that African-American infants are more than twice as likely to die in their first year of life than white infants. Although following a decline from Contemporary research findings have demonstrated that nationwide racial disparities in infant mortality are linked to the experiential state of the mother and that these disparities cannot be totally accounted for by socio-economic, behavioral or genetic factors.

Hispanic mothers see an IMR comparable to non-Hispanic white mothers, despite lower educational attainment and economic status. A study in North Carolina, for example, concluded that "white women who did not complete high school have a lower infant mortality rate than black college graduates. While earlier parts of this article have addressed the racial differences in infant deaths, a closer look into the effects of racial differences within the country is necessary to view discrepancies. While this does correlate, the theory that it is the contributing factor falls apart when we look at Latino IMR in the United States. Latino people are almost just as likely to experience poverty as blacks in the U.

The Poverty Rates of blacks and Latinos are If there is a direct correlation, then the IMR of these two groups should be rather similar, however, blacks have an IMR double that of Latinos. Some believe black women are predisposed to a higher IMR, meaning ancestrally speaking, all black women from African descent should experience an elevated rate. This theory is quickly disproven by looking at women of African descent who have immigrated to the United States. These women who come from a completely different social context are not prone to the higher IMR experienced by American-born black women. She claims African American women experience stress at much higher rates than any other group in the country.

Stress produces particular hormones that induce labor and contribute to other pregnancy problems. Considering early births are one of the leading causes of death of infants under the age of one, induced labor is a very legitimate factor. The idea of stress spans socio-economic status as Parker Dominguez claims stress for lower-class women comes from unstable family life and chronic worry over poverty. For black middle-class women, battling racism, real or perceived, can be an extreme stressor. Arline Geronimus, a professor at the University of Michigan School of Public Health calls the phenomenon " weathering. Therefore, younger black women may experience stress with pregnancy due to social and economic factors, but older women experience stress at a compounding rate and therefore have pregnancy complications aside from economic factors.

Mary O. Hearst, a professor in the Department of Public Health at Saint Catherine University, researched the effects of segregation on the African American community to see if it contributed to the high IMR amongst black children. Racism, economic disparities, and sexism in segregated communities are all examples of the daily stressors that pregnant black women face that can affect their pregnancies with conditions such as pre-eclampsia and hypertension. Studies have also shown that high IMR is due to the inadequate care that pregnant African Americans receive compared to other women in the country.

IMR does not decrease based on age, or when accounting for higher education suggesting that there is a racial element. Because of this unequal treatment, research on maternal and prenatal care received by African American women and their infants, [] finds that black women do not receive the same urgency in medical care; they are also not taken as seriously regarding pain they feel or complications they think they are having, as exemplified by the complications tennis-star Serena Williams faced during her delivery. There is additional element that must be considered, the effect of both race and gender. Misogynoir is a commonly cited and overlooked issue. When examined through this lens, the increased rates of IMR of African American women becomes a matter of equity and an issue of social justice.

If you shop from outside the EU, for example at a US store, expect to pay lots of money in customs charges and for your delivery to be held up. The challenge of getting things delivered, whether an online shopping order or a letter from overseas, is a constant complaint amount expats. It is something you get used to, though, and, like many of the other things in this list, is a small price to pay for what you get in return. Not all apartments have noise issues, especially the more modern ones, and you can insulate an apartment to reduce noise levels, but it is something to be aware of.

While smoking is on the way out in many countries, smoking is still quite common in Portugal. Comments Policy: This article attracts a mixture of comments: some people who believe the pros of living in Portugal outweigh the cons and others who are frustrated with life in Portugal and want to vent their anger. Comments that are negative and without any substance will be removed. Hey Folks, all great insights. I plan to relocate from India to Porto for work purposes, with my spouse and kid.

Looking to work for a year or two to gain some foreign exposure. In all, would you advise me to really refrain from moving to Porto, or it is still a good bet for a year or two, to live and work in one of the beautiful countries. Request your inputs, please. I have a yard tractor and parts are very hard to find for it. I inquired the local agricultural suppliers to order parts for me. They responded with available parts listing and prices. The problem is their prices are sky high, but availability of parts if laughable. Then they have another kind of washers, but not screws and then finally they have the part but not support for it. What is the use of those parts then? Then another example: I was looking for specific long roofing screws.

Then how come everybody are suing them for their roofs? Oh and they say they do not order anything from Spain. What happened next I went to the hardware store in the next street and they had all the screws available for me. I forgot to mention 2 things, — Dogs and parasites: I got fleas here. It was beyond horrible, I am still covered in hundreds of marks head to toes.

So, I wondered, where did they come from … how … when it dawned on me that when it got hot, I had left the apartment door open with ventilator once or twice to get any fresh air movement in … So, the hallway here has carpet OMG God knows from when , and there is now and then dog hair on it, from the multiple dogs of my neighbour on this floor … I saw her once in front of the house combing out the dogs. Delivery: I gave up. Amazon client since the beginning, worked perfectly fine … until I moved here and had to deal with amazon Spain. A different delivery service wanted my tax nr. Have still to find reliable food delivery service. Again, speaking of which. Or how we got thrown out of the train at night, because of a disturbance — first 1 hr waiting in the train without any information whatsoever, then they just threw us out.

Just like that. No buses, no help, no information. And a LONG way still to go. I am sure Lisbon is great as a short term tourist or self proclaimed nomad, or for retirement with a partner, … and when you live in the city center along with other expats, which is the only part that gets cleaned at night and police all around. I even liked Porto later for 1 weekend as a tourist not the beggars or cats on restaurant tables though.

I wanted to add before that no, in Germany you are not allowed to smoke inside in clubs and bars, I know of no other place where this is the case, only here in Portugal, no dog barking in Germany, police would come, … and though not a service paradise you still get reliable service and people are somewhat trained to do their job. In Germany, we had often Portuguese kids in school, and Portuguese neighbours, … they were never treated as foreigners are here sometimes.

As someone else said, yes, victim mentality, and conformity and being comfortable. If that means that everyone is on top of each other, instead of anyone taking own responsibility, fine. I just remembered a detail I came across … young Portuguese men often have the names of birth dates of their mother or grandmother, sister, … tattoed, … on the arm, shoulder, etc. This is so spot on. I think to be happy here, you need to live in an expat bubble. I know of very very few people 2 who got a Portuguese partner.

And cheap wine which you will need. I had first come to Portugal 2 or 3 years ago, after living in Ireland for some time, I rented an old house in the very north in a not-even-village. Yes, dogs … annoying driving … super backwards shops … and I felt watched by the ONE present neighbour all the time. You forgot to mention the continuous smoke and fumes in winter from heating. I swear that the father of my landlady sneaked into the house while I was sleeping several times, and when I was away, door left open. I am not paranoid, and strange occurances stopped when I had finally a key for the door between the garage in the basement and the living space.

I moved to Porto after 2 months — most horrible mold ever, no vacuum cleaner in the house, no hot water in the kitchen, window not closing and it was so cold all the time- Both in the country house and also in that house in Porto — no heating, no insulation. Portuguese people will all tell you to wear blankets around your shoulders all day long. Never mind that everything always stays damp, I was unable to dry my clothes.

Yes, you always hear neighbours, and dogs — we saw a dog outside the window in a very small yard in a small space, always just there. In Porto, my car got broken in, window smashed with an umbrella. Everything stolen like … rain jacket, … shoes, … nothing valuable in the car, of course. I returned to Ireland, where everything is clean, safe, no dogs barking. Yes, I feel too, that everything is 30 years behind. I was living now in Ireland, right next to a super clean, calm beach, normal living standard house, no noise, no dirt though basically on a cow farm. No dog barking at all, dog poo of course not on road in front of house etc.

Then came the lockdowns, and one thing I do have to agree with is that also an Irish village is very much a village of people who have lived there literally all their lives, and their extended family, and you will always remain a blow-in. But the Irish are much much much more friendly, communicative, welcoming, normal, helpful, and the bureaucracy is low. So, total lockdowns, city in Ireland not an option because of rental prices, and I had no better idea than to move to Portugal, to Lisbon. On the one hand, not the worst idea, and I must say — I had no idea about the amount of tourists until now.

It was sooo nice during and right after lockdowns … without them, omg. I am thoroughly, thoroughly sick of Lisbon. The ones I met at meetups were there for the women. Speaking of which …. No matter where, or when, I have found it impossible to meet normal Portuguese men with manners and education. Yes, I found some with education, but … still no manners, I was never so insulted and harrassed in my life. I, too, heard stories of harrassment of women, like slapping them on an open street, how men talk to women here if often unbelievable. At the moment I am living in one of the richest, cleanest areas of the country, and the dog barking, dog poo right in front of the door, etc.

No ventilation, no heating. Too cold in winter, too hot in summer, mold. The bureaucracy and the total lack of service and extreme slowness are mind boggling, numbing, infuriating … my stress level here is waaaay higher than elsewhere, and people make me aggressive, and I have never ever met such aggressive women. I am used from Ireland to taking a lot of time at checkout in the supermarket, but out of niceness eg. And then those women all the time with super thick huuge wallets then searching forever for their cards and numbers.

Hygiene: on the one hand super clean, then again, not so. And other issues. Rental and property prices are getting super high now after lockdowns, also restaurant prices, as expensive as Ireland. Thanks Golden Visa, etc. Also, prices triple, when someone hears that you are not Portuguese. You also get lied to no end. If you think Prague or so in the worst tourist trap, think again. I am in the process of deciding where to move to next, as I can finally, finally leave my horrible apartment.

I had also looked into buying a plot of land or a house to do up, as it is suuuper complicated to build yourself. The lack of information by real estate agents, and right out lies and false statements and also offers that are simply illegal is incredible. I wonder why I should continue looking, when what I get for it is a damp, horrible apartment with thin walls sub standard.

Yes, there are very nice places, with heating AND fire place, … but those are costly and you end up in one of those huuuuge apartment blocks or ghettos most expats I meet have actually never seen those apartment skyscraper ghettoes, lol , … I all my time in Portugal, so 1,5 years combined, I have maybe met 4 me who did NOT live with their parents. So, to buy anything here will take me a much longer time if ever , as it is so, so varied, and every information must be double checked by myself, even the location.

Previous lack of construction and renovation standards, makes it all very difficult, and while some offers are eyebrow raisingly low, so one wonders why, others are extremely overpriced. I also btw. Here, not so. Maybe in 10 years , …. I am a retired American woman and got caught in a situation in a very posh Algarve town where I was assaulted by the woman partner of my landlord and systematically abused, had windwhield broken, utilities turned off, signs put on my car and door humiliating me, and the assault was savage. The landlord a known man in town, CTT stole my acceptance for legal aid, the police kept me in the dark until the case was dismissed without me knowing it.

Tried to reopen it and the Portuguese bullies hacked all my technology. The law enforcement did the bare minimum of filling out a sheet of info. The drunken attackers were protected and everything was done to keep me from any justice…so far. Will keep at it. The police, lawyers, post office, nobody did anything to help me as the victim. I would advise that you think about Portugal as this is not an unusual situation. The legal system is terrible. Forgot also to say I met a Portuguese business guy who had by co-incidence also spent part of his childhood in England. Now lived mainly outside Portugal in South Africa, Brazil and other places, and came back to Portugal occasionally.

The thing about the unfriendly cafe. I often encountered that in Lisbon. They seemed suspicious of customers, or at least new customers, faces they hadnt seen before. Again — a backward peasant style mentality. And this was Lisbon, not some place way out in the country. Never experienced it eg in Germany. The services are terrible, the awful incompetence and ignorance and the cruel dentists, oh my god!!! Sorry to hear that. I would argue that moving into a small village in Portugal, Spain and basically most of the European countries is always a risky move. Those people live next to each other for generations and it is very difficult to fit into such society, one bad interaction and you upset the entire village since most of those people are always kind of relatives.

It is also hard to move out since properties in such places are hard to rent or sell. I would not even do it in my own country. I spent a year in Lisbon, coming from Germany where I have lived for many years as well as in other countries so I have plenty to compare with expat from UK. Had a good impression, it helped also that it was Spring when I went and not winter. Germany has cycle paths everywhere, whereas in Lisbon if you cycled you were an oddity.

I lived outside Lisbon city in a suburb, but even so there was no cycle infra for the most part. It was also extremely hard work with all the hills. People would hoot at you in amusement as they drove past in their cars. Anyway, I greatly enjoyed the three week reconnaisance trip. But I then found that visiting and living in a place are indeed two very different things. Practically every house in my street — a villa area, had a dog or often several dogs in the front yards all locked and bolted — which makes the area seem like a set of fortresses. People in houses in England do not generally live behind locked and bolted gates and high fences.

Even apartments often had a dog on their balcony barking all day long. Whenever you walked down the street a load of barking would start up from each side of the road, it got very tedious. Keeping dogs like that and just letting them bark all day — and often in the night as well to me seems like a form of backward rural or gypsy behavior. In Germany it is just not permitted, illegal. But in Portugal it is accepted as normal. Even the house where my apartment was the owners on the ground floor had two noisy dogs, out in the yard all the time, barking sometimes even after midnight.

I think Portuguese consider dogs to be a sort of standard accepted burglar alarm system. Have a house or apartment? Or preferably two or three or more. And let them bark all the time. There were rows of terrace owner occupier houses — with the most gaudy designs and colors eg pink turrets etc, and with locked front yards, where the dogs would bark and cack on the ground all day while the owners were away at work paying the mortgage. Imagine having to clear that up every single day first thing when you come back from work. Rather them than me. Other things: the incredible backwardness with e-commerce and internet and also snail post and parcel delivery. Amazon and Ebay dont even have websites for Portugal, people tend to use the Spanish ones instead and they both have them for Netherlands and Belgium, so it is not due to the smaller size of the country.

Also makes running an ecommerce business very difficult. Also importing, even from within the EU, the Portuguese authorities obstruct. Load of crapola from Barnier and co. Cars cost a fortune so I hear. And trying to import one from more cheaper countries in the EU is made intentionally very difficult. More protectionism. The winter was not pleasant. Never again. The building did not have any central heating. Clothing and bedding went moldy within weeks. It was a horrible experience. The locals could be a bit backward.

And this was the suburbs of Lisbon. I heard a lot of things from other expats about sneaky and troublesome behaviour of locals, jealousy if a northern European bought a house in their area etc, rumor spreading, making trouble, gossip etc. Again that is all socially backward stuff. Also problems with businesses, services, utilities, bureaucracy. I also experienced this myself. I remember a cafe on a beach front, pleasant inside, and on my first trip there had free-wifi. Then when I moved to Lisbon, I visited it again — and found they had removed the wifi.

And they were just as cold and unfriendly as before. So I thought, last time I come here. And very strange. Funny attitude to business. Once again — backward. Also all the tourists in Lisbon got on my nerves. All doing the same dumb things. Tram number 14 or whichever it was, I never went on it, but its the one they all go on. Locals who live on the route cant get on because of all the stupid tourists going up and down. Pickpocket Express so I hear.

Queuing outside that one custard tart shop in Belem etc there are other custard tart bakeries! Etc etc. Not real Lisbon, its a tourist disneyland form of it. But I guess thats a problem everywhere so not solely a Lisbon or Portugal thing. All in all I would not move to Portugal to live. Go to Lisbon to visit, go on tram 14 and visit the custard tart shop where you can queue for ages outside and be fleeced once you get in. As a result of experiences in Portugal I am wary also of Spain. I hear they go in for the barking dog thing…. Also cold buildings in winter. And chaos, chaos chaos. I will stick to Germany and northern Europe. This literally looks you are making an hotel review.

Its a country not a perfect place for you to live peacefully. If you want no noise, no dogs , just a place to make you happy and confortable go to a villa in Algarve. Thanks Rick your description of expat life in Portugal could not be better! As a German who has lived 15 years in London and 3years in Italy, I agree that Portugal is probably the worst people experience. Imagine where this country would stand without the excessive funds they get from the grear EU and build cycle paths to nowhere or outsized office buildings for incompetent local authorities!

First of all, the people have been most welcoming. From immigration to getting paper work done, only USA immigration officials have been inappropriate and arrogant. I do notice that the Portuguese are friendly, but keep to themselves. From the Algarve to Porto, each area has its pros and cons. The Algarve seems great for retirees but not for younger folks looking for a social life.

Madeira island is a dream of a place if you wish to live on an island. Porto is by far my favorite area, but apparently has terrible winters. No place is perfect. All in all, the friendliness of the people they actually say good morning , the quality of the food, and the beauty of the country, make me feel like I made the best decision ever for my quality of life. They struggle with low wages but still seem much friendlier and happier than many people I have seen around the world.

The global peace index is relatively useless when measuring personal safety, it includes things like weapon exports, military expenditure, neighboring country relation good to be an island or having only one neighbor , UN funding etc. So how can a relatively corrupt country like Portugal be safer than for example, Switzerland or Japan? It is not. Therefore, it is relatively safe, but behind many developed countries, and certainly nothing overwhelming safe like many of the expat services suggest. Furthermore, just like in the most places, you get what you pay for. Cheap apartment in a filthy area — probably not the most pleasant people around. Portugal seems to me like a non-violent culture overall, which is also a big plus.

My point is only — if safety is top priority there are better choices than Portugal, where you will feel even safer. I moved to Portugal in May hoping to make it my permanent home base after 8 years on the road as a digital nomad. And to be honest, of all these countries, Portugal is the place I like the least, by far. Many are just a minor inconvenience. But the one I have found the hardest to deal with is the Portuguese penchant for being so damn negative about everything. Even the way they carry themselves and the look on their face as they walk down the street is depressing. They have zero positive energy. Give serious consideration to moving here if you have any health issues, or at least until the covid epidemic is truly over.

As others here have already posted above, no matter how many hoops I jump through, documents I bring, etc, etc, I keep being denied access to a vaccine. That is, unless I want to wink, wink pay a 3rd party agency who will then bribe the government official with part of my fee to get me an appointment. When push comes to shove, you see the true character of a nation. And a nation that would deny foreign residents access to basic healthcare that could save their life, even though they are law abiding and tax paying, is not a nation I would ever choose to live in. Because no amount of sun, cheap living, or good surf is worth risking my life. Hi Xavier Thank you for your input, it was grate to read you!

It has been very useful to know so many things, that are important for a future life abroad. I was thinking very seriously to move to Portugal, now I will think it better. Regards, Cristina. I am curious as to where in Portugal you have been and how long you stayed. I have visited four times since and have never found the people to be loud, quite the contrary, nor have I found the country to be ugly or primitive. Please see my post on Quora Whats so bad about Portuguese people? It seems that you have copied me! Intersting how the Portuguese start to insult once you cpomplain about them!

Stong words to describe a great great country and beautiful people. It seams yo me you are the ugly person. We love Portugal, the people, and weather. We own several properties and have helped many friends buy home too. Just go to your local public health centre and sign up for the Utente number. After being registered in the public healthcare service you can book your vaccination appointment online. All that talk of bureaucracy and corruption in Portugal is way exaggerated! As a new resident it takes some time till you get your Utente number, even longer during pandemic. There is a nice form you can fill out without the Utente number, and they are supposed to give you an appointment, but it will never happen.

I had exactly the same experience. Only solution — I could pay some agency, or go there and simply be lucky. AFAIK, it was recently a topic of the Portuguese government, they know that they made it very difficult for new residents. Do you need some paper work done? There is low predictability how long will it take, and what you might need. At some point you gonna lose money, opportunities, time, or health, because of such things.

Perhaps a better measure would be the difference of experience between foreign and national residents in that regard. You can a vaccine date online through the SNS website….. I agree there is a lot of barking dogs in Portugal, however I do not mind them at all. The real problem here is all the feral dogs and the dogs that people allow to roam free. I have a small dog and he has been attacked here several times by unsupervised or feral dogs. We have had dogs stalk us and I had to chase them away.

I have been pretty badly hurt protecting my small dog here. I have had many, many dogs charge at me while riding a motorcycle and I have to kick them to keep them away from me. I was staying on a mini farm in a small city and the feral dogs would kill the animals here. They lost a young sheep, 2 chickens, and a mother turkey and her young child all within a short period of time. Aside from the dogs running out into the street I think the driving in Portugal is fine.

And sometimes the parcels disappear or there are attempts by the CTT staff to steal them from us. Considering there are hundreds of thousands of foreigners living in Portugal and only a few hundred that are not happy is encouraging. There are lots of YouTube videos with testimonials from happy expats living in Portugal. Many newspaper and magazine articles with testimonials of expats living in Portugal, most experiences are positive.

Yes bureaucracy is terrible, think California Department of Motor Vehicles. Yes, buyer beware, due your research. The jails in the United States are full of crooks and even more crooks out of jail. Yes, you will have crooks everywhere. Yes, bad contractors in the United States will do bad jobs, recent building collapse in Florida is an example. Yes some restaurants will have bad service, go somewhere else. Foreigners in Portugal are a double edged sword. I fear a tsunami of foreigners from all over the world moving to Portugal in the next few years. The Portuguese worry that cost of living will go up due to this, yet foreigners will also help the economy. I think most Portuguese welcome people who want to live there.

However, I think it always helps if you try to learn at least a few phrases. I think the judicial system in Portugal is terrible therefore I would avoid situations where judicial courts are needed. I also intend to hire trusted professionals to deal will tax, residency, real estate matters. If you enjoy pain, you can always try everything yourself. Hey David, I am from the US too. I was looking forward to living here but the real estate market here is a nightmare.

Before you move here I suggest that you start researching house prices at least 6 months in advance. Portugal does not release home sale prices to the public, the price a house sells for is kept hidden from everyone. There is no sales comps here, and there is no record of how long a property sits on the market. It takes a very long time to understand market value here. A home priced near market value will get lots of interest and offers and it will sell very quickly. The real estate companies here are horrible, especially the international companies. I have been hearing many horrible stories about buying a home here, and there is no title insurance here either.

We have given up and we are making plans to return to the US. I strongly suggest that if you want to move to Portugal you should consider renting rather than buying. Save yourself the stress! Hello Jerry I could not agree with you more. My personal story is I have lived in Portugal for 6 years with one advantage over many expats is; I speak, read and write Portuguese fluently.

Although not my first language but proficient enough to tackle my way through the judicial system. I, personally have been three times in judicial disputes and when I read the judgements rendered I can not believe the belligerent contradictions and when the articles of law were sited and testimonials provided all were completely ignored. Needless to say I lost all the disputes. The real estate business in Portugal is at best completely incompetent and dishonest as compared to U.

I can only laugh when an agent offers to do a market study of my property when there are no sales comparatives or any other trustworthy data available. All a sad Joke!!! My experience in Portugal has been a mix of good and bad and a huge culture shock and I am having to rethink my decision to live in this society. Thank you for the input Jerry. I do plan to rent for at least the first year and I do plan to hire both an attorney to look over title issues and contracts.

CNBC the investment channel showcased an American family that just bought their second home in Portugal and no issues with either of the two purchases. One was in the Silver Coast, not sure where the second property was. Youtube has several other videos of Americans and Brits who have bought properties in Portugal, most of them used attorneys and real estate agents. Portuguese people are generally welcoming to foreigners, the outdated bureaucracy and business culture are not.

In most cases they are not even crooks with bad intention — they simply do not care about customers, and things taking very long, also paying more money does not fix it. Definitely rent first. Thank you for the heads up Martin. I do plan to ask for referrals from several expats. Renting first for at least a year. Nick best wishes on your possible move to the Algarve! Algarve is one of my possible choices too. Quality of life? Barely meets basics. If anyone is vaguely still alive and has 2 cells ticking in their brains, they would go elsewhere — somewhere worth it.

Definitely not this primitive backwards place. If it is so bad for you, then go live somewhere else. Apparently you do not have good quality of life there so why stay? There are countries in the world according to Google. Go ahead and pick one, live there for a few years and see how it compares. I speak Portuguese fluently but will likely always have my English accent. There is a substantial amount of camaraderie amongst males, particularly with alcohol involved. Small villages exist even near to urban areas, and the mentality will be countryside rather than urban.

I will always be foreign. I will never enter their world, and that basically is clear to me, that underneath all the liberal-minded rhetoric, that one is welcome to be a foreigner spending money here, but that one is probably best off staying in ones own enclave. I LIVE in the world of Portuguese and can say that I miss: Symphonies, classical cultural appreciation, foreign foods Food nationalism is a thing here. I can say that here we have: Amazing fruits and vegetables, amazing raw materials for good cooks only partially taken advantage of in culinary traditions lots of egg-creme pastries, cheap quality tipple, cheap quality meats, compassion for other humans very important and great emergency medical care the SNS is great.

I get the sense that family and village life basically overshadow any independent decisions people make, and they are concerned about social judgement at every turn. Thanks for sharing your 13 years of experience here. Hi Aaron, Thank you for your comments. Are very helpfull for me. I am getting information because I would like to retire in Portugal. I will think it better. I know not any country is perfect. Regards Cristina. I have lived in the US and China so I have seen my fair share of discrimination based on the colour of my skin. I was wondering if there are any black persons or people of colour who might be willing to share their experiences living in Portugal preferably living in Lisbon or Porto.

We are 75 and 86 and are retired English living in the Algarve…have been coming here on and off for many years to our holiday apartment. Loved it so much that we took out residency pre Brexit, and said Tchau to our friends and family back in Blighty. Of course they can and do come to stay, or did before Covid. This painting was executed by Pissarro using the technique of Pointillism, which was pioneered by Georges Seurat and Paul Signac, both of whom Pissarro met in This new technique involved painting using tiny adjacent dots of pure colour that blend in the human eye to create a luminous effect. Pissarro experimented with this style for several years, and first exhibited Pointillist paintings at the final Impressionst exhibtion in These canvases were shown in a separate section alongside the works of Seruat, Signac and Lucien Pissarro, his son.

One male labourer is shown trying to remove the apples that have yet to fall from their branches, whilst two female labourers collect the apples that have fallen. A third woman is stood watching the spectacle, apparently fascinated, as suggested by her placing her hands over her mouth. In the background, a farmer works the land with a horse-drawn cart.

This piece forms part of a series depicting the Pont Boieldieu in Rouen, the capital of Normandy, where Pissarro undertook two painting campaigns in The first was between January and March, and the second was in November. He had previously taken one trip there in on the advice of Claude Monet, and had painted eighteen works. He later returned in and completed several watercolours. This painting is another Pissarro piece that forms part of a series. It is one of fourteen views of the Boulevard Montmarte in Paris that Pissarro painted between Feburary and April Again, he explored the effects of changing light and weather conditions in his series, painting the motif in the morning, afternoon, evening and night, and in the mist, fog, snow, and sunlight.

From his window, he could see the Boulevard Montmarte to his left, and the Boulevard des Italiens to his right, which he depicted in two other canvases. This new Parisian urban landscape and the new commerce and leisure that came with it had greatly interested other Impressionists. However, by the time Pissarro came to paint it, his colleagues had largely abandoned it. This particular painting in the series is the only Pissarro canvas depicting a night-time scene, and is used by the artist to explore the different types of artificial lighting that illuminated the boulevard after sunset. He contrasts the warmer light provided by the gas lights in the shop windows and the oil-lamps of the taxis with the cooler light emitted by the electric street lamps that run through the centre of the boulevard.

Buy a Print of Self-portrait This painting was the fourth and final self-portrait that Pissarro completed in his lifetime. The artist seems have portrayed himself as wise and mature, with a slight air of personal authority as he peers at the viewer over the tops of his half-moon spectacles. Pissarro employed a typical Impressionist style for this painting, using short and thick brushstrokes. He died in November , but fortunately he had lived to see the Louvre purchase two of his paintings earlier that year. He had also achieved financial security in the late stages of his career, his first real taste of it coming in , when Joseph Durand-Ruel held a successful retrospective of his work. Micheal Partridge is the definition of a francophile.

He studied French for ten years, gaining fluency in the language but also becoming fascinated by France's rich culture and heritage. To share his passion with others, he set up The French Desk and has now begun to write books that aim to help learners of all stages improve their French. If he's not reading something by Victor Hugo, then he's probably on a ridiculously long bike ride in the south of France.

Again, he explored the effects of changing light and weather conditions in Comparing Snow Glass And Apples series, painting Comparing Snow Glass And Apples motif in the morning, The Ending Of The Necklace, evening and night, Comparing Snow Glass And Apples in Comparing Snow Glass And Apples mist, fog, snow, and Comparing Snow Glass And Apples. Retrieved March 8, During an Comparing Snow Glass And Apples school public sector and private sector, he called out by his mom, Comparing Snow Glass And Apples tells Comparing Snow Glass And Apples that Emma was arrested. Preterm Birth: Comparing Snow Glass And Apples, Consequences, and Prevention. Though I believe there are better and worse options and I always Comparing Snow Glass And Apples Portugal is for sure better, than Germany or even maybe UK. Comparing Snow Glass And Apples, as mentioned before, these estimates minimize errors and maximize the consistency of trends along time.

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